Legal Data by
March 15, 2017
March 15, 2017
March 15, 2017
Lower Indra Irrigation Project is a major irrigation project constructed across river Indra, a tributary of the River Tel in the Mahanadi basin. The dam is located near village Dargoan in Khariar block of Nuapada district in Odisha. The project will submerge 6288 ha of land ( cultivable 5.245 ha , forest land 1.043 ha ). The project was started in the year 2000 and is yet to be operational. The locals allege that the Lower Indra Irrigation Project (LIIP) Authority has failed to suitably rehabilitate people displaced by the dam. The affected families which are now around 9000 (the number was 1,460 at the beginning) have been demanding rehabilitation. The administration has closed all the health and nutrition services in the project affected villages in 2009, claiming that the villages have been fully evacuated. The frontline health and nutrition service providers like ASHA, AWW and ANM have also been removed. As a result, thousands of displaced people are now languishing in poverty. The Lower Indra Jan Sachatena Manch, which is the frontline organisation of the project affected persons (PAP), went on a strike in April 2016 and submitted a memorandum to authorities demanding rehabilitation. The demands are also related to policy matters like implementation of the Odisha Rehabilitation Policy, 2006, enhancement of the value of the lands acquired, consideration of women of 18 years and older as displaced persons etc. On March 10th 2021, it was formally inaugurated by Chief Minister Naveen Pattnaik. According to a report by the Orissa Post on 6th March, 2021, while preparations were in full swing for the commission of the dam, issues pertaining to rehabilitation, damages incurred and compensation owed to project affected people were yet to be resolved. The oustees demanded a compensation of 2 lakhs before the inauguration of the project and settlement of basic facilities at the relocated villages and warned of agitation if the demands were not met.
Demand for compensation
Demand for rehabilitation
Demand for promised compensation
Forest and Non-Forest
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Page Number In Investment Document:
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws, Central/State Government Policy, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?
What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-rehabilitation of displaced people
Controversial land acquisition by the government
Delay in compensation
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Orissa High Court
W.P.(C) No.27310 OF 2020
Main Reasoning/Decision of court
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)
Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Government of Odisha
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:
Lower Indra Jan Sachatena Manch