Rajasthan Farmers Bury Themselves to Oppose Land Acquisition for Highway in Sikar

Reported by

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 30, 2021

Location of Conflict

Basni, Laxmangarh


Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






In 2018, Rajasthan government started acquiring land of farmers in Laxmangarh of Sikar district to construct a highway connecting Mukundgarh and Salasar. The 10km bypass road will pass through pasture lands and agriculture lands. Farmers have alleged that government started constructing the road without compensating them. They accused that the highway construction contractor of damaging their standing crops, tube wells without the consent of farmers. When the work did not stop, in February 2018, farmers dug pits on the land and partially buried themselves to lodge a protest. The protest continued for a couple of days and was partially withdrawn after district administration assured of appropriate action into the matter. Farmers had submitted a memorandum to the district administration demanded 10 times compensation for surrendering irrigable land. The other demands include government job for a member of the affected family, free road access to the residents of Laxmangarh tehsil, and a share of the toll collected, alternate houses and tube wells for farmers whose land was being acquired. Sikar district collector Naresh Kumar Thakral told LCW that issues of farmers will be addressed and demands will be looked into before commencing work. An official of Ms Salasar Highways Private Ltd, the firm which maintains the road and corresponding toll plaza said LCW that the road is constructed and is operational. However it is not clear if the demands of the affected villagers are fulfilled.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand for more compensation than promised, Demand for compensation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

  1. Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013

    Section 28 [the parameters that are to be considered in determination of the amount of compensation which includes damage sustained by the person interested and the effect of the acquisition on his earnings], Section 38 [the collector to ensure that the possession of land is taken after ensuring that compensation and rehabilitation and resettlement entitlements are paid within the timelines prescribed in the section]

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-payment of promised compensation, Delay in compensation, Controversial land acquisition by the government , Incorrect estimation of compensation, Violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest


Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:


PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Naresh Kumar Thakral, Sikar district collector. He said that issues of farmers will be addressed and demands will be looked into before commencing work.

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Kisan Sangarsh Samiti ,Laxmangarh

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Ashish Gaur

Reviewed By

Ashish Gaur

Updated By

Ashish Gaur

Edited By

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

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