Omkareshwar Dam Khandwa land Conflict

Reported by

Gourav JaiswalLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

December 3, 2019

Location of Conflict




This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Multipurpose Dam



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)




Madhya Pradesh



The Omkareshwar Dam is a gravity dam on the Narmada River just upstream of Mandhata in Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh, India. The dam was constructed between 2003 and 2007 with the purpose of providing water for irrigation of 132,500 ha (327,000 acres). An associated hydroelectric power station located at the base of the dam has an installed capacity of 520 MW. The Omkareshwar Project was conceived in 1965 as an irrigation and power dam to be built in the Central Indian State of Madhya Pradesh. A Detailed Project Report (DPR) was put forward in 1983, but as construction was delayed time and again, both design and budget have changed significantly over time. The Rs 3539 crore project entails the construction of a 73 meter high concrete gravity dam on the Narmada River about 1 km upstream of Mandhata Island, where the famous temple town of Omkareshwar is situated. At full reservoir level, the project will submerge 93 sq km including up to 5800 ha of forest lands and some 30 villages in the Khandwa and Dewas Districts of Madhya Pradesh. The dam is envisaged to provide upto 520 MW of electricity and will supposedly irrigate 147,000 hectars. The Jal Satyagraha began after the government raised the water level of the Omkareshwar Dam from 189 metres to 191 metres, which multiplied the troubles of the affected people as their places got submerged in water. A group of farmers near Khandwa in Madhya Pradesh, who were protesting by standing in waistdeep waters of the Narmada river for 32 days seeking rehabilitation after being displaced by construction of the Omkareshwar Dam, called off their Jal Satyagraha. However, people are resisting the project.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Madhya Pradesh Government

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Narmada Bachao Andolan

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Narmada Valley Development Authority

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

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