Legal Data by
September 26, 2016
September 26, 2016
September 26, 2016
Kamankheda, Kelva Khurd, Ricchfal, Nandiya Khedi, Suktapur and Bada Kelva villages
Land Area Affected (in Hectares)
The Omkareshwar project is a multipurpose dam project planned across river Narmada in Khandwa district. The dam was constructed between 2003 and 2007, with a purpose of irrigating 1.47 lakh hectare of land in Khargone, Dhar and Khandwa district, according to the Narmada Control Authority. With an installed capacity of 520 megawatt, produced by eight power stations, the dam will impact an estimated 15,500 families in Khandwa district. In 2012, 51 farmers of Gopalgaon village launched a 17day satyagraha_, _which ended after the state government formed a committee to look into the grievances of farmers. They demanded more compensation for the land that was allotted to them under the Madhya Pradesh Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy Amendment, 2003. The state accepted their demands and promised them compensation of INR 2 lakh per acre under the new Madhya Pradesh Rehabilitation package of 2013%20was%20announced.). However, the villagers are not happy with the new compensation package. This compensation, according to Narmada Bachao Andolan Activist Alok Agarwal, is not even half the actual market price. Furthermore, not a single farmer has been issued any fertile and undisputed land, as promised by the government under the package. In 2015, the farmers launched a Jal Satyagraha after the government raised the water level of Omkareshwar Dam from 189 metres to 191 metres, which led to submergence of villages. More than 70 _satyagrahis _developed skin disorders and other ailments. However, the people continued their opposition against the project. In March 2019, the Supreme Court ordered the state government to allot cultivable land to the oustees of the dam within three months. The relocated ones were given a choice of preferring 15 per cent interest on the rehabilitation package. The decision, by a fivejudge bench headed by then Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, came after a petition was filed by Narmada Bachao Andolan on March 13, 2019. In late October 2019, the affected people again launched a 12day Jal Satyagraha after the water level was increased. This was despite the Supreme Court ruling that ordered to rehabilitate people before increasing the water level in the dam. The satyagraha ended after Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation (NHDC) Chief General Manager Pawan Sharma gave a written assurance to meet five of the six demands on behalf of the state. The key promises were to develop a rehabilitation site for 500 families and double the compensation package announced in 2013 for 700 families. However, the sixth demand to decrease the water in the catchment area that leads to flooding in the villages was declined citing technical issues by the NHDC team.
Demand for more compensation than promised
Demand for rehabilitation
Demand for promised land
Forest and Non-Forest
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Cost of Project
Year of Estimation
Page Number In Investment Document:
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws, Central/State Government Policy
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?
What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Incorrect estimation of compensation
Non-rehabilitation of displaced people
Controversial land acquisition by the government
Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Madhya Pradesh High Court, Supreme Court of India
AIR no. 142 of 2008, Civil Appeal No. 2082 of 2011
Main Reasoning/Decision of court
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)
Refusal of compensation
Development of a network or collective
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Madhya Pradesh Government
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Narmada Valley Development Authority, Narmada Control Authority, Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Narmada Valley Development Authority
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:
Narmada Bachao Andolan