Environment Ministry Rejects Clearance for Rasuli Iron Ore Mines in Chhattisgarh

Reported by

Riddhi PandeyLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 2, 2021

Location of Conflict


Durgu and Kondal villages


This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Iron Ore Mining



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






The residents of Rasuli village, in Kanker district's Durg Kondal tehsil, had long opposed the Rasuli Iron Ore Deposit Mining project.  The state government awarded the lease for mining to Navbharat Fuse Company Limited in 2009. For the project, 220 hectares of reserved forestland were demarcated in compartment numbers 338(615) and 339 (616) in Khargaon forest, a protected area.  On September 7, 2016, the Chhattisgarh Environment Protection Division organised a public hearing to attain consent at the Janpad panchayat office in Bhanupratappur. According to news reports, the residents accused the authorities of not providing them with prior information about the hearing and organising it in a venue located far from the affected village.  Reportedly, the few villagers and local political leaders who did attend the meeting utilised the platform to voice their concerns about the impact the project would have on the forest resources, tree cover, biodiversity and soil and water quality in the area. They raised concerns over the effect of mining activities on their agriculture and other livelihood practices. Additionally, they demanded that the administration should reorganise the public hearing in the affected tribal village. Following the protests, Vipin Manjhi, an additional collector from Kanker, agreed to cancel and postpone the public hearing. During a meeting held on December 20, 2017, the Forest Advisory Committee of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) decided to recommend against the forest clearance for the Rasuli iron ore mine as the proposed mining site falls in the very dense area of the Bailadila mountain range. The committee also added that the felling of trees would adversely impact the environment in the region by affecting the water supply as the catchment area of the local drain is located there. As per a notification issued on January 05, 2017, the MoEFCC had also recommended against granting approval to the project under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980. According to the MoEFCC website, the environmental clearance proposal for the project was delisted on January 16, 2018.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations, Opposition against environmental degradation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

January 2018

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Environmental Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of the FRA, Non-implementation/violation of the PESA, Violation of free prior informed consent, Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Chhattisgarh

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Navbharat Fuse Company Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Riddhi Pandey

Reviewed By

Riddhi Pandey

Updated By

Riddhi Pandey

Edited By

Riddhi PandeyLand Conflict Watch

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