Mini India Park opposed by villagers in Quellosim in South Goa

Reported by

Nihar GokhaleLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

February 25, 2021

Location of Conflict


South Goa

Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






Residents of Quellosim village have opposed a floating recreational project known as "Mini India Park" proposed by Pune-based firm Movaj Enterprises near the banks of the River Zuari. The park proposed to consist of floating replicas of India's famous monuments that tourists could access by boats. The project also includes 5-star resort, houseboats, floating cottages and water sports activities over 35,000 square metres out of total 9 lakh square metres of land under the companys ownership. The company had approached the Cortalim-Quellosim panchayat in 2012 to seek its approval and has been opposed by villagers who said that the project is located in an eco-sensitive tidal wetland. In 2014, villagers stopped the company from building floating platforms by filing a complaint with the panchayat alleging violations of the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011. In 2016, the panchayat approved the project. The Goa Investment Promotion and Facilitation Board (known commonly as IPB), a state body headed by the chief minister, also granted in-principle approval to the project in July 2016, which led the firm to restart the construction. In January 2017, the villagers filed a complaint before the Goa Coastal Zone Management Authority or GCZMA alleging illegal dumping of mud in eco-sensitive areas. A case was filed in NGT subsequently. In May 2017, a site inspection by the GCZMA, under NGT directions, found that dumping of mud was carried out in areas classified as no-development zone under the Coastal Regulatory Zone or CRZ Notification. The inspection also said that sluice gates that regulate the flow of tidal water into the wetland had not been opened, affecting its ecology. The NGT in August 2017 asked for an action plan to open sluice gates of the property in order to restore it to its natural condition. The gates were opened in January 2018. In a PIL WP 26/2016, the Goa foundation challenged the NOC granted by the Goa Investment and Promotion board to the project and demanded it should be declared null and void. Meanwhile, in December 2017 the Goa Investment and Promotion board withdrew its approval to the project, among 13 such projects located in CRZ areas. In 2018, the petition was disposed as both the panchayat and the Goa Investment and Promotion board withdrew its approvals. In November 2019, villagers held protests demanding that the panchayat should write to Goa Coastal Zone Management Authority saying that the illegal land given to the project should be restored. In 2020, the Goa foundation filed another petition (PIL No.12/2020) challenging the NOC granted by Captain of Ports Department, Government of Goa to Mini India project. The case is pending.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources, Opposition against environmental degradation, Complaint against procedural violations

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Bombay at Goa, National Green Tribunal (pending)

Case Number

PIL WP 26/2016, Original Application No. 130/2017 (NGT), PIL WP 12/2020

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts), Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media), Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Goa State Coastal Zone Management Authority, Captain of Ports Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Movaj Enterprises

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
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Documented By

Nihar Gokhale

Reviewed By

Nihar Gokhale

Updated By

Nihar Gokhale

Edited By

Nihar GokhaleLand Conflict Watch

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