Kolar Farmers Continue Fight for Compensation for Bengaluru-Chennai Express Corridor

Reported by

Elizabeth Mani

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 1, 2018

October 1, 2018

Updated on

October 1, 2018

Location of Conflict

Malur

Dandupalya, Kolathur, Vadigehalli, , KGF, Bangarapete, Mulbagal

Kolar

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

6000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

0

ha

Starting Year

2015

State

Karnataka

Sector

Infrastructure

Three years after their land was acquired for the BengaluruChennai Express Corridor Road, more than 5,000 people in the overpasses of the corridor are yet to receive compensation. BangaloreChennai Expressway Santrasta Raitara Horata Samiti (BCESRHS), a local organisation formed by the Karnataka Prantha Raitha Sangha (KPRS) to help the affected families in Kolar, along with farmers, has been demanding that those who have lost their land to the road development project should be provided compensation at the current market price. On May 27, 2015, the Central Government had issued a land acquisition notice under the National Highways Act, 1956. The final notification for land acquisition was issued in 2016. Special land acquisition officers had acquired over 3,700 acres of land in more than 63 villages in Malur, Bangarapete and Mulbagal towns and in Kolar Gold Fields tehsil in Kolar District. KPRS wants the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) to compensate the farmers at the current market rate as per the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, instead of considering compensation under the guidance value under the National Highways Act, 1956 (the minimum price set by the state government to register a property). The farmers also claim that ever since construction started on the acquired land, the trees and plants are yet to be priced and argue that their value, too, should be based on the current market price, along with the landrelief fund. They have further demanded that farmers holding 500 acres of _bagar hukum _land (government land cultivated without permission) be compensated at the current market rate. KPRS has urged the NHAI to provide free toll admission cards to farmers who have lost their land to toll projects, which will allow them to use the highway without paying a toll fee. BCESRHS adviser G.C. Bayya Reddy said, 'If the problem is not solved by the state government by September, we will appeal to Karnataka Chief Minister H. D. Kumaraswamy on October 3, 2018.' The chief minister had cancelled the appointment; however, the farmers have filed a petition under the tribunal of the Kolar district magistrate. "We will wait until October for adequate compensation. If the farmers do not receive it, we will challenge the case in the High Court," Reddy added. The project aims to reduce travel time on the 90metrewide expressway, which will run parallel to the existing NH4. It is part of the Centre's larger expressway plan, which will build a 1,000km expressway network across the country.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand for compensation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

1119

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 26: [Determination of the market value of the land while accounting for market value average sale price]; Section 27: [Determination of amount of compensation to include the value of assets attached to the land]; Section 105: [Resettlement & rehabilitation for acquisition done under the exempted statutes in the Fourth Schedule to be paid in accordance with the provisions of the LARR Act, 2013]
National Highways Act, 1956
Section 3A: [Power to acquire land for a national highway]; Section 3D: [Publication of a declaration of land acquisition for public purpose]
S.O. 2368 (E), Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Removal of Difficulties) Order, 2015, Ministry of Rural Development, August 28, 2015
Section 105 read with Schedule IV of the 2013 Act: [Compensation in land acquisition proceedings initiated under the National Highways Act, 1956 will be calculated as per the 2013 Act.]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

The LARR, 2013 empowers the Collector to determine and award compensation as per the parameters laid down in Chapter IV of the Act. The affected landowners have filed a petition for adequate compensation before the tribunal of the Kolar District Magistrate .

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Delay in compensation

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Development of a network or collective

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Deputy Commissioner of Kolar, National Highways Authority of India

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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