Kolar Farmers Continue Fight for Compensation for Bengaluru-Chennai Express Corridor

Reported by

Elizabeth ManiLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

February 8, 2021

Location of Conflict

Malur Malur, KGF, Bangarapete, Mulbagal

Dandupalya, Kolathur, Vadigehalli


Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






Three years after their land was acquired for the Bengaluru-Chennai Express Corridor Road, more than 5,000 people in the overpasses of the corridor are yet to receive compensation. Bangalore-Chennai Expressway Santrasta Raitara Horata Samiti (B-CESRHS), a local organisation formed by the Karnataka Prantha Raitha Sangha (KPRS) to help the affected families in Kolar, along with farmers, has been demanding that those who have lost their land to the road development project should be provided compensation at the current market price. On May 27, 2015, the Central Government had issued a land acquisition notice under the National Highways Act, 1956. The final notification for land acquisition was issued in 2016. Special land acquisition officers had acquired over 3,000 acres of land in more than 63 villages in Malur, Bangarapete and Mulbagal towns and in Kolar Gold Fields tehsil in Kolar District. KPRS wants the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) to compensate the farmers at the current market rate as per the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, instead of considering compensation under the guidance value under the National Highways Act, 1956 (the minimum price set by the state government to register a property). The farmers also claim that ever since construction started on the acquired land, the trees and plants are yet to be priced and argue that their value, too, should be based on the current market price, along with the land-relief fund. They have further demanded that farmers holding 500 acres of _bagar hukum _land (government land cultivated without permission) be compensated at the current market rate. KPRS has urged the NHAI to provide free toll admission cards to farmers who have lost their land to toll projects, which will allow them to use the highway without paying a toll fee. B-CESRHS adviser G.C. Bayya Reddy said, 'If the problem is not solved by the state government by September, we will appeal to Karnataka Chief Minister H. D. Kumaraswamy on October 3, 2018.' The chief minister had cancelled the appointment; however, the farmers have filed a petition under the tribunal of the Kolar district magistrate. "We will wait until October for adequate compensation. If the farmers do not receive it, we will challenge the case in the High Court," Reddy added. The project aims to reduce travel time on the 90-metre-wide expressway, which will run parallel to the existing NH4. It is part of the Centre's larger expressway plan, which will build a 1,000-km expressway network across the country.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Development of a network or collective action , Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Karnataka Government, Deputy Commissioner of Kolar, National Highways Authority of India

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

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Documented By

Elizabeth Mani

Reviewed By

Elizabeth Mani

Updated By

Elizabeth Mani

Edited By

Elizabeth ManiLand Conflict Watch

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