Farmers oppose Karchana Power plant

Reported by

Rama Shanker Singh

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 7, 2016

September 7, 2016

Updated on

September 7, 2016

Location of Conflict

Karchana

Devari, Kachari, Katka-Medhra, Dehli, Dohlipur, Bagesar, Kachara and Bhitar.

Allahabad

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Thermal Power Plant

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

2286

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

645

ha

Starting Year

2007

State

Uttar Pradesh

Sector

Power

In 2007, the then Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) government of Uttar Pradesh proposed the Karchana power plant project. Around 2,500 bighas of land was acquired from 2,286 farmers in eight villages. The project was handed over to Jaypee Group in 2009. The project never took off due to consistent and often violent protests by the farmers over compensation. The farmers were unhappy with the compensation offered to them for the land. After the end of the Mayawati government in 2012, Jaypee Group was reluctant to execute the project. However, the officials claim that the reluctance was mainly due to political uncertainty in the state and not the opposition to land acquisition. The Uttar Pradesh Government then took initiative to revive the power plant since the state has already made arrangements for coal and water linkages for the project and asked Jaypee group to make efforts to resume talks with farmers. However, in April 2013, Allahabad High Court allowed writ petitions of the farmers and again stalled the project. The court ordered that farmers who had already taken the compensation should either return the money and take back the land or willingly hand over the land for the project. The Allahabad High Court quashed the state governments notification for the acquisition of 650 hectare of land under the urgency clause of the Land Acquisition Act of 1984 and said farmers who had already received the compensation for their land should either return the money and take back the land or willingly hand over the land for the project. The Jaypee group backed out in 2013 saying that the proposed project was unviable at the rates it had quoted to bag the project in 2009 and the total land required for the project was not handed over yet".. In 2014, the Karchana power project was handed over to the Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam by the Samajwadi Party (SP) government. After 2014, the farmers changed their stance and said they are ready to call off their protest if any agreement is reached. Earlier, the farmers were in strict opposition to the power plant regardless of any improvement in the compensation offered to them. Now they were ready to give up their land for better compensation. In 2018, the UP government decided to privatize the power plant. Om Dutta Singh, a grassroot activist at Karchana told LCW that protests have been infrequent after the project was stalled. There is no construction on the site. This was also confirmed by Vindhyan Ecology and Natural History Foundation, an organization fighting for Environmental equity in the Parts of UP and Chhattisgarh.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

10000

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Allahabad High Court

Case Number

WRIT - C No. 32270 of 2010

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

In 2013, Farmers alleged that they are being harassed by goons, intermediaries and officials. Farmers are also living in fear for, eight FIRs have been lodged against hundreds of them during the initial protests, which had turned violent. Many letters to the State and the Centre have brought no relief. The poor farmer is made to live in fear that he can be sent to jail any time. According to one farmer, by invoking the same Sections that are used for Maoists, the State is trying to terrorize farmers

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Karchana

Nature of Protest

Blockades

Strikes

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

NTPC

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

PUCL, AIPF AND SOME OTHER CIVIL SOCIETY GROUPS, JAN SANGHARSH SAMANWAY SAMITI AND KISAN KALYAN SANGHARSH SAMITI

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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