Jammu and Kashmir administration issued eviction notice to private schools

Reported by

Rabiya Bashir

Legal Data by

Anmol Gupta, Mukta Joshi

Edited by

Radhika Chatterjee

Updated by

Published on

October 25, 2022

October 25, 2022

Updated on

October 25, 2022

Location of Conflict

Ganderbal, Budgam, Baramulla, Srinagar, Pulwama, etc

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

100000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2022

State

Jammu and Kashmir

Sector

Land Use

In June, 2022, Jammu and Kashmir administration issued eviction notice to 155 private schools which are functioning on State land. This occurred after changes were made to the Jammu and Kashmir Education Rules, 2010, in April 2022.
This move will affect the education of at least 1 lakh students who are studying in the 155 private schools.
The Jammu and Kashmir administration claimed that the land belongs to state. However, private school owners have termed the government move of making amendments in rules as a proper plan to harm the functioning of schools that provide education at low economic costs.

Jammu & Kashmir administration’s new rules directed the Revenue Department to identity those schools built on the land other than private property in the Union Territory (UT) for de-registration by the Education Department. The Revenue department has a list of private schools and they have asked all the CEOs of the districts to follow the eviction order.
Officers of the School Education Department were directed to stop schooling in all those private schools that were functioning from the State land. The Chief Education Officers (CEOs) of the Kashmir division have received the list of private schools which are functioning from the state or Kahcharai land.

One of the CEO, who wished anonymity told LCW that higher authorities issued the eviction order and asked us to issue certificates so that the enrolled students will be accommodated to other government schools.

The affected schools approached the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to seek relief from the change in rules. The High Court issued an order for maintaining the status quo against the closing of schools. In its order the High Court stated that the petitioners had prima facie made out a case for interim relief at this stage.

The court order further said that subject to objections that would be filed by the respondents and till the next date of hearing, status quo shall be maintained.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Common

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Jammu and Kashmir School Education Rules, 2010
The rules were sought to be amended on April 15, 2022 so as to require schools under this Act to obtain a no-objection certification regarding land use from the Revenue Department, Government of Jammu and Kashmir.
Jagpal Singh and Ors. v. State of Punjab (2011 (11) SCC 396, Supreme Court)
By way of an exception, the Supreme Court permitted regularisation of illegal encroachment of common land for individuals/ institutions operating for public utility, in case they were granted a lease under some government notification.
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-consultation with stakeholders

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh

Case Number

WP (C) No. 1282/2022

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

A writ petition was filed in the High Court of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh to challenge the notification issued on April 15, 2022. The notification imposed conditions on schools established on Kahcharai land in Kashmir to obtain a no objection certificate from the district Tehsildar for permitted land use. On June 22, 2022, the High Court granted interim relief to the schools allowing status quo to be maintained. The case is still pending in the High Court and has not been heard since.

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Jammu and Kashmir Administration, Jammu and Kashmir Revenue Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

One of the Chief Education Officer , who wished anonymity told LCW that higher authorities issued the eviction order and asked us issue certificates so that the enrolled students will be accommodated to other government schools.

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Jammu and Kashmir Private School Association

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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