Villagers displaced by Paradeep Refinery in Odisha demand jobs and adequate compensation

Reported by

Sibasish Ray

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 15, 2016

October 15, 2016

Updated on

October 15, 2016

Location of Conflict

Trilochanpur

Jagatsinghpur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Petroleum and Gas

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

8000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1354

ha

Starting Year

2002

State

Odisha

Sector

Industry

The conflict between Indian Oil Corporation's (IOCL's) Paradeep Refinery and the land losers of Trilochanpur of Kujanga tehsil in Jagatsinghpur has waged on for several years. IOCL reached an agreement with Odisha government for setting up its refinery and the initial stone was laid down as far back as 2002. IOCL promised an investment of Rs 35,000 crore for making 9 million tonnes of oil per annum, which by the date of commissioning the project was revised to 15 million tonnes. About 3,345 acre of fertile land was acquired for the purpose, in spite of resistance. The compensation paid was not deemed to be sufficient by the people and further, they were also denied jobs. The land losers have formed a front in the name of Jamihara Chasi Sangh for their land rights. Though the refinery was commissioned by the Prime Minister in February 2016, the conflict has intensified. In 2018, the villagers staged a dharna in front of the refinery, reiterating their demand for permanent jobs.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Demand for employment

Demand for more compensation than promised

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

34555

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24 [Exception for the application of the provisions of the 2013 act when there is a lapse of proceedings wrt land acquired under the 1894 Act, due non payment of award or non taking of possession before January, 2014]; Section 26 [Criteria for determination of market value of land by collector]; Section 27 [Determination of total amount of compensation to be done by the collector]; Section 28 [Parameters to be considered by collector in determination of award]; Section 30 [Award of solatium to be given in addition to the compensation amount]; Section 105(3) [Determination of compensation, rehabilitation and resettlement as per schedules]; Section 69(2) [Authority to provide in addition to the compensation an award amount calculated at the rate of 12% per annum on the market value of the land]; ; Section 108 (1) [Option to affected families to avail better compensation and rehabilitation and resettlement where a State law or a policy framed by the Government of a State provides for a higher compensation]
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 11 [Collector shall determine the amount of compensation to paid and take into account claims in passing the award]; Section 39 [Prior consent of appropriate government and execution of agreement necessary for acquisition of land for companies]; Section 23 [Matters to be taken into consideration by the court in determining amount of compensation]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 4 (2) (d)[Resettlement package to be provided to affected individuals and communities]; Section 4 (2)(e) [Free informed consent of the gram sabha for resettlement and the package in writing];
Andhra Pradesh State Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy, 2005
Para 2 [Objective of the policy to minimise displacement, ensure adequate rehabilitation package, an protect the interest of the weaker sections]; ara 7 [This provision enlists the rehabilitation benefits for affected families]; Para 7.13.1 [Members of affected families shall be given preference for employment subject to suitability and availability of vacancies, and provide training, scholarships and other skill development opportunities]; Para 6. 22 (c) [the compensation award shall be determined as per the intended land use category];
Odisha Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy, 2006
Para 7 [The Project proponent may opt for direct purchase of land on the basis of negotiated price after issue of notification requiring acquisition of land under relevant Act(s)]; Para 8 [Rehabilitation and Resettlement plan to be prepared with due consultation with the displaced communities and other factors to be taken into consideration for it]
Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
Section 2 (iii) [Assigning of forest land to private parties or authority or corporation only to be done with prior approval of the Central Government]; Section 2(ii) [Authorities or State government can pass orders for use of forest land for non-forest purposes only with the prior approval of the Central government];
Rule 28 [The provision stipulates the manner in which compensation amount shall be determined and to whom it will be given]; Rule 29 [District collector to take into account claims and enquiries in relation to the compensation amount for the land acquired]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Yes

Reported Details of the Violation:

There have been several arrests in the area. On April 27, 2016, police arrested the adviser of Jamihara Chasi Sangh Mr. Abhay Sahu and other leaders. Their bail petitions have been rejected..

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Strikes

Protests/marches

Hunger strike

Blockades

Development of a network or collective

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Industrial Development Corporation Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL)

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Indial Oil Refinery

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Jamihara Chasi Sangh, Jamihara Krushak Ekta Manch

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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