Illegal Transfer of Forest Land in Odisha

Reported by

Sandeep PattnaikLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

February 8, 2021

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







Since 1972, the villagers of Balarampur and adjoining villages of Dhenkanal district of Odisha have been protecting 92 acres of forest land. This same land is adjacent to Tansa Hill which is also a physical forest that covers around 600 acres. This patch is home to various wild animals including elephant pathway. Further, villagers are dependent on this land for minor forest products. Industrial activities on this area would lead to environmental disaster. The conflict starts when the government of Odisha converted around 92 acres of forest land to revenue land. An area of 12.86 acre of grazing revenue land has been de-reserved and transferred to Industrial Development Corporation of Odisha(IDCO) on lease for the construction of breweries. The villagers opined that,the whole process has been done without approval of central government, which is a violation of Section 2 of Forest Conservation Act, 1980. All these plots are physically dense forest having various matured timber species. If any patch of the area is being allowed for industrial activity, then the entire landscape will be adversely affected. The local villagers urge the government authorities to cancel the lease agreement if any made with IDCO as because the entire conversion, de-reservation and transfer of land is blatantly illegal.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Industrial Development Corporation Of Odisha (IDCO)

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Reporting on the Biodiversity Crisis in India: A journalism bootcamp

Join experts and journalists to understand and learn the tools to investigate and tell nuanced stories on the challenges faced by India’s biodiversity.
Apply Now