Since 1972, the villagers of Balarampur and adjoining villages of Dhenkanal district have been protecting 92 acres of forestland. This land is adjacent to Tansa Hill, which is also a forest spread across 600 acres. This patch is home to various wild animals and is also an elephant corridor. Further, the village residents depend on this land for minor forest produce. They claim industrial activities in this area would lead to an environmental disaster. The conflict started when the state government converted the 92 acres of forestland to revenue land. An area of 12.86 acres of grazing revenue land was dereserved and transferred to the Industrial Development Corporation of Odisha (IDCO) on lease for the construction of breweries. The villagers alleged that the entire process was initiated without the approval of the Central government, which is a violation of Section 2 of Forest Conservation Act, 1980. The entire plot of land is a physically dense forest growing various matured timber species. If any patch of the area is being allowed for industrial activity, the entire landscape will be adversely affected. Supplanted by a historically strong antiliquor movement in the region, the people urged the government authorities to cancel the lease agreement, if any, made with IDCO as the conversion, dereservation and transfer of land was blatantly illegal. In November, 2018, protesters clashed with the police, in which 13 persons were arrested. Soon after, following a recommendation of the Revenue Divisional Commissioner, the chief minister finally scrapped the project and ordered the beer factory to be relocated.
Demand for compensation, Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources, Opposition against environmental degradation, Complaint against procedural violations
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Environmental Laws, Other
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation/violation of the FRA, Violation of environmental laws
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Original Application no. 174/ 2017/ EZ
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
In November, 2018, protesters clashed with the police, in which 13 persons were arrested.
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Advocacy (for inclusion in courts), Protests/marches
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
P&A Bottlers Private Limited
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict: