Odisha CM Orders Relocation of Beer Factory from Balarampur Following Public Protests

Reported by

Sandeep PattnaikLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

June 4, 2021

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







Since 1972, the villagers of Balarampur and adjoining villages of Dhenkanal district have been protecting 92 acres of forestland. This land is adjacent to Tansa Hill, which is also a forest spread across 600 acres. This patch is home to various wild animals and is also an elephant corridor. Further, the village residents depend on this land for minor forest produce. They claim industrial activities in this area would lead to an environmental disaster. The conflict started when the state government converted the 92 acres of forestland to revenue land. An area of 12.86 acres of grazing revenue land was dereserved and transferred to the Industrial Development Corporation of Odisha (IDCO) on lease for the construction of breweries. The villagers alleged that the entire process was initiated without the approval of the Central government, which is a violation of Section 2 of Forest Conservation Act, 1980. The entire plot of land is a physically dense forest growing various matured timber species. If any patch of the area is being allowed for industrial activity, the entire landscape will be adversely affected. Supplanted by a historically strong antiliquor movement in the region, the people urged the government authorities to cancel the lease agreement, if any, made with IDCO as the conversion, dereservation and transfer of land was blatantly illegal. In November, 2018, protesters clashed with the police, in which 13 persons were arrested. Soon after, following a recommendation of the Revenue Divisional Commissioner, the chief minister finally scrapped the project and ordered the beer factory to be relocated.

Region Classification


Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation, Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources, Opposition against environmental degradation, Complaint against procedural violations

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Industries department

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

P&A Bottlers Private Limited

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

November 2018

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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