Tamil Nadu Government Revives Plan to Construct Kanyakumari Port Despite Protests by Fisherfolk In Past

Reported by

Sumana

Published on

January 31, 2017

January 31, 2017

Updated on

January 31, 2017

Location of Conflict

Kovalam

Kanyakumari

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Port

Port

(

Eco-Sensitive Zone

)

People Affected by Conflict

100000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2016

State

Tamil Nadu

Sector

Infrastructure

In 2016, the Centre proposed to build a container terminal at Enayam village in Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu. The port, to be constructed at an estimated cost of Rs 27,570 crores, aims to tap into the sea traffic between Europe and Asia and is part of the 'Sagarmala' Plan to have a string of ports across the country. The port has a controversial history. It started as a fishing harbour in Colachel, then was expanded into a transhipment harbour, and later shifted to Enayam, a fishing village near Colachel. Following protests, the port was moved to an area between Keelamanakudi and Kovalam villages near Kanniyakumari. Members of fishing communities in these areas were concerned about the effects the port would have on their livelihood, as it could destroy the marine biodiversity in the area. On January 12, 2018, fisherfolk around Kovalam village observed a fast to protest the construction of the port. On August 26, 2020, Land Conflict Watch contacted lawyer Stanley Casmic Sundar, who said that the Government hasn't followed up on the project since 2018, and seems to have dropped it. According to a report dated February 2021, the government is making fresh attempts to build a port in the same area and claim that this will not lead to displacement because there are no fishing villages in the identified land.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Opposition against environmental degradation

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Scrapping of the Project

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

27570

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Central/State Government Policy, Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Para 7(f) [requirement to seek a prior environmental clearance to implement the project]; Schedule, Item 7(e) [Ports, Harbours]
Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011
Paragraph 7 [Classification of CRZ: No new construction shall be permitted in ecologically sensitive areas under CRZ-I]
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Tuticorin Port Trust

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

People's Movement Against Enayam International Container Transhipment Terminal

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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