Farmers protest against the expansion of Surat Airport

Reported by

Rejitha Nair

Legal Data by

Anmol Gupta, Mukta Joshi

Edited by

Radhika Chatterjee

Updated by

Published on

September 25, 2022

September 25, 2022

Updated on

September 25, 2022

Location of Conflict

Abhava village

Bhimpor, Vant, Gaviyar, Sultanbad

Surat

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Airport

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

300

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

283

ha

Starting Year

2022

State

Gujarat

Sector

Infrastructure

In March 2022, farmers of Abhava village in Surat protested against the Khajod Urban Development Authority’s (KHUDA) plan to expand the Surat Airport. On January 19, 2022, KHUDA had issued a notification of provisional reservation of 700 acres of farming land at Abhava village for the expansion of Surat airport. The farmers demand the complete withdrawal of the provisional reservation.

KHUDA’s Airport development plan will affect 300 farmers, 90% of whom are small farmers and stand to lose their means of livelihood because of the proposed land acquisition. Land from this region was also acquired previously for the airport in 1989 and 1999._ _The farmers have submitted a memorandum to the collector and chief officer of KHUDA on behalf of the farmers, and protests were held outside the collector's office with slogans and various banners on February 28, 2022. The farmers allege that the land acquisition decision was taken without a survey, and they have raised the demand for withdrawal of the reservation under the KHUDA Draft Development Plan Report of 2039. The draft plan has reserved lands from Abhava, Bhimpore, Gaviyar and Sultanbad villages for the Aerodrome complex.

On 1st June 2022, the Ministry of Civil Aviation released a press release stating, “Airports Authority of India (AAI) is extensively working towards the holistic development of the Surat airport with a project cost of Rs 353 Crores.” As per the statement, “The development project includes an extension of existing terminal building from 8474 square metres to 25,520 square metres. After completion of the project, the new state–of–the–art extended terminal building will be capable of handling 1200 Domestic and 600 International passengers’ during peak hours, making the annual passenger capacity of 2.6 Million.”

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to utilize adjacent barren lands for project

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common and Private

Type of Common Land

Common and Private

Total investment involved (in Crores):

353.25

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

2021

Page Number In Investment Document:

3

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Sections 4, 5, and 6 [Notifications for the acquisition of land for a public purpose are to be made as per the provisions of these sections which require preparation, public hearing, and publication of Social Impact Assessment]; Section 12 [Preliminary survey of land to be done. However, not to be done in the absence of the owner, except when 60-day notice is given to the owner to give an opportunity to be present during the survey];
Gujarat Town Planning and Urban Development Act, 1976
Section 22 (2A) [State government may notify a certain area as an urban development area. Urban development authorities established under this act has the power to acquire land in such area.] Section 20 [Development authorities may acquire land for any public purpose specified under this act. They may conduct acquisition through an agreement, or under the provisions of LARR 2013.]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Non-consultation with stakeholders

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Airport Authority of India, The Khajod Urban Development Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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