The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is constructing a 42 km long semiring road requiring an investment of Rs. 939.41 crores in five districts (Pulwama, Budgam, Srinagar, Baramulla, Bandipora & Ganderbal) of Jammu & Kashmir. The road is supposed to ease the mobility of traffic and connect South and Central Kashmir Pampore town with Manigam, Sonmarg, Baltal base camp and finally reach Ladakh. For the project, over 600 acres of fertile apple and plum orchards and paddy fields is to be acquired. However, farmers are unhappy with the compensation offered under the the Jammu and Kashmir Land Acquisition Act, 1934. In 2017, the new Land Acquisition Rehabilitation & Resettlement Act (LARR), 2013 was not applicable in Jammu & Kashmir under the provisions of Article 370. Affected farmers argued in protests that the compensation offered to them was 4times below what is offered in the other states. In (http://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/kashmir/semiringroadlandownersdemandadequatecompensation/269512.html, http://www.knskashmir.com/NHAISshabbylandcompensationunitesKashmiriJammufarmers23250, http://kashmirlife.net/deviousdispossessionissue44vol09164266/, http://www.kashmirtimes.in/newsdet.aspx?q=76181, https://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/srinagarcity/removebottleneckstostartworkonsemiringroad/288708.html, https://kashmirreader.com/2018/07/19/semiringroadlandownersprotestdemandadequatecompensation/, https://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/srinagarcity/expeditelandacquisitionforsemiringroadprojectdivcommtoofficers/284560.html), they asked for an opportunity to have private negotiations of the prices with NHAI, which the latter declined. They also demand the central LARR Act 2013 be implemented in the state. Since January 2018, farmers under the banner of Ring/SemiRing Road Land Owners Welfare Committee (RRLOWC) have approached officials and protested against the acquisition and the compensation. The officials continued to proceed with acquisition ahead of its inauguration on May 19, 2018. In August 2020, the project in Kashmir was still stuck at the land acquisition phase, with little no progress having been made since its initiation in 2018. In November 2020, the High Court of Srinagar, directed the Government against land acquisition for Srinagar Semi Ring Road until next hearing before the bench as the authorities failed to compensate for the land within time. Petitioners approached the judiciary seeking new land acquisition process under the central Land Acquisition Act, which came into operation in the union territory in 2019.
Demand for compensation, Demand for more compensation than promised
Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Constitutional inconsistencies between state and Central land laws, Controversial land acquisition by the government , Non-payment of promised compensation, Delay in compensation
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
High Court of Jammu and Kashmir
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Development of a network or collective action , Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) , Government of Jammu & Kashmir, Revenue Department
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Ring / Semi Ring Road Land Owners Welfare Committee (RRLOWC)