The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is constructing a 42 km long semiring road requiring an investment of Rs. 939.41 crores in five districts (Pulwama, Budgam, Srinagar, Baramulla, Bandipora & Ganderbal) of Jammu & Kashmir. The road is supposed to ease the mobility of traffic and connect Pampore town with Manigam, Sonmarg, Baltal base camp and finally reach Ladakh. For the project, approximately 303.5 ha. of fertile apple and plum orchards and paddy fields is to be acquired. However, there is a resentment amongst the farmers against the compensation they have been offered under the Jammu and Kashmir Land Acquisition Act, 1934. The new Land Acquisition Rehabilitation & Resettlement Act (LARR), 2013 is not applicable in Jammu & Kashmir under the provisions of Article 370. Affected farmers argue that the compensation offered to them is at least 4times less than what is offered in the other states. They have been asking for an opportunity to have private negotiations of the prices with NHAI. They also demand the LARR, 2013 law be implemented in the state and there should be less pressure on farmers to give away the fertile land according to a report by Kashmir News Service.
The struggling farmers have come together under the banner of Ring/SemiRing Road Land Owners Welfare Committee (RRLOWC) and have been approaching officials and protesting against the acquisition and the compensation being offered to them since January 2018. Meanwhile, the concerned officers are expediting the process of "removing all the bottlenecks in the project and on May 19, 2018, Prime Minister inaugurated the project. Still, the protests are only intensifying. In July, protests were organised outside SDMs office in 2 districts and in Pratap Park where protestors performed skits and sang songs in addition to raising slogans to voice their discontent. On July 21, a memorandum was submitted to the Deputy Commissioner of Budgam, who has agreed to take up the concerns of the farmers with the higher authorities, as per a report by Kashmir Images.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Type of Land
Type of Common Land
Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) , Government of Jammu & Kashmir, Revenue Department
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Ring / Semi Ring Road Land Owners Welfare Committee (RRLOWC)
Resources Related to Conflict
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