Farmers Protest Against Meagre Compensation for Land Acquisition for a Road in Kashmir

Reported by

Athar ParvaizLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

October 28, 2019

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year



Jammu and Kashmir



The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is constructing a 42 km long semiring road requiring an investment of Rs. 939.41 crores in five districts (Pulwama, Budgam, Srinagar, Baramulla, Bandipora & Ganderbal) of Jammu & Kashmir. The road is supposed to ease the mobility of traffic and connect Pampore town with Manigam, Sonmarg, Baltal base camp and finally reach Ladakh. For the project, approximately 303.5 ha. of fertile apple and plum orchards and paddy fields is to be acquired. However, there is a resentment amongst the farmers against the compensation they have been offered under the Jammu and Kashmir Land Acquisition Act, 1934. The new Land Acquisition Rehabilitation & Resettlement Act (LARR), 2013 is not applicable in Jammu & Kashmir under the provisions of Article 370. Affected farmers argue that the compensation offered to them is at least 4times less than what is offered in the other states. They have been asking for an opportunity to have private negotiations of the prices with NHAI. They also demand the LARR, 2013 law be implemented in the state and there should be less pressure on farmers to give away the fertile land according to a report by Kashmir News Service. The struggling farmers have come together under the banner of Ring/SemiRing Road Land Owners Welfare Committee (RRLOWC) and have been approaching officials and protesting against the acquisition and the compensation being offered to them since January 2018. Meanwhile, the concerned officers are expediting the process of "removing all the bottlenecks in the project and on May 19, 2018, Prime Minister inaugurated the project. Still, the protests are only intensifying. In July, protests were organised outside SDMs office in 2 districts and in Pratap Park where protestors performed skits and sang songs in addition to raising slogans to voice their discontent. On July 21, a memorandum was submitted to the Deputy Commissioner of Budgam, who has agreed to take up the concerns of the farmers with the higher authorities, as per a report by Kashmir Images.  

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) , Government of Jammu & Kashmir, Revenue Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Ring / Semi Ring Road Land Owners Welfare Committee (RRLOWC)

Resources Related to Conflict

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No Images Available

Documented By

Athar Parvaiz

Reviewed By

Athar Parvaiz

Updated By

Athar Parvaiz

Edited By

Athar ParvaizLand Conflict Watch

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