Farmers Protest Against Meagre Compensation for Land Acquisition for a Road in Kashmir

Reported by

Athar ParvaizLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

October 28, 2019

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)




Jammu and Kashmir



The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is constructing a 42 km long semiring road requiring an investment of Rs. 939.41 crores in five districts (Pulwama, Budgam, Srinagar, Baramulla, Bandipora & Ganderbal) of Jammu & Kashmir. The road is supposed to ease the mobility of traffic and connect Pampore town with Manigam, Sonmarg, Baltal base camp and finally reach Ladakh. For the project, approximately 303.5 ha. of fertile apple and plum orchards and paddy fields is to be acquired. However, there is a resentment amongst the farmers against the compensation they have been offered under the Jammu and Kashmir Land Acquisition Act, 1934. The new Land Acquisition Rehabilitation & Resettlement Act (LARR), 2013 is not applicable in Jammu & Kashmir under the provisions of Article 370. Affected farmers argue that the compensation offered to them is at least 4times less than what is offered in the other states. They have been asking for an opportunity to have private negotiations of the prices with NHAI. They also demand the LARR, 2013 law be implemented in the state and there should be less pressure on farmers to give away the fertile land according to a report by Kashmir News Service. The struggling farmers have come together under the banner of Ring/SemiRing Road Land Owners Welfare Committee (RRLOWC) and have been approaching officials and protesting against the acquisition and the compensation being offered to them since January 2018. Meanwhile, the concerned officers are expediting the process of "removing all the bottlenecks in the project and on May 19, 2018, Prime Minister inaugurated the project. Still, the protests are only intensifying. In July, protests were organised outside SDMs office in 2 districts and in Pratap Park where protestors performed skits and sang songs in addition to raising slogans to voice their discontent. On July 21, a memorandum was submitted to the Deputy Commissioner of Budgam, who has agreed to take up the concerns of the farmers with the higher authorities, as per a report by Kashmir Images.  

Region Classification


Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) , Government of Jammu & Kashmir, Revenue Department

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Ring / Semi Ring Road Land Owners Welfare Committee (RRLOWC)

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
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