Farmers Protest against Low Compensation for NTPC Plant in MP, Demand Jobs

Reported by

Satyendra Singh NarwariaLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

April 29, 2021

Location of Conflict

Chor Barhata

Dongargaon, Gangai, Kudari, Mehrakheda and Umaria


Reason or Cause of Conflict

Thermal Power Plant



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year



Madhya Pradesh



In January 2018, farmers from six villages Chor Barhata, Dongargaon, Gangai, Kudari, Mehrakheda and Umaria in Narsinghpur district began protesting against the "inadequate" compensation for their land acquired for a thermal power plant. They are demanding jobs for each family whose land was taken by coming together under the banner of Rashtriya Kisan Mazdoor Sangh. In 201314, approximately 1,800 acres of land were acquired from about 500 small and marginal farmers for the construction of National Thermal Power Corporation's 3,200megawatt Gadarwara Super Thermal Power Station project. According to a news report, the leader of the Opposition, Ajay Singh, claimed that the farmers were promised INR 18 lakh per acre, along with an annual bonus of INR 30,000 per acre for the next 30 years and that NTPC had agreed to provide employment to at least one family member of the affected farmers, but that none of the promises had been fulfilled. Contrary to the government's claim of successfully finishing the land acquisition, farmers have been claiming that they have been paid INR 3,000,00 less than the agreed amount, according to another report. On January 12, 2018, the farmers submitted a memorandum of demands to the district administration with an ultimatum of 15 days. Following protests, the police arrested 39 farmers and resorted to lathicharge, which only intensified the protests. Meanwhile, NTPC released a statement asserting that the compensation for land acquisition has been fulfilled in accordance with the state guidelines and that a onetime payment has been done in lieu of jobs promised and that it won't address any further demands. Between January 31 and February 4, 2018, the farmers protested again in front of the collectorate with the support of several political leaders. Additionally, they also demanded compensation for crop damages and low market prices of their produce The protests continued at the NTPC site even after the political leaders concluded the protests. In a telephonic conversation, Devnarayan Patil, the leader of Rashtriya Kisan Mazdoor Sangh, informed LCW that the demands of the affected farmers are being taken forward as part of the larger movement for farmers' rights and demands. On August 17, 2020, LCW spoke to Ramdayal Rathore, a resident of Narsinghpur who is actively involved in the struggle against the thermal plant. He said that protests are still ongoing. "However, there has been no decision from the government regarding revising the compensation rates," he added.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised, Complaint against procedural violations, Demand for employment

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Constitutional Law, Case Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Madhya Pradesh

Case Number

W.P. No 15681 of 2016

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment, Lathi charge/tear gas/pellets

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

In protests held in January 2018, 39 farmers were arrested. The police resorted to lathi-charge to control the crowd, which only intensified the protests.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Madhya Pradesh

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

National Thermal Power Corporation(NTPC)

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Kisan Sangharsh Samiti, Rashtriya Kisan Mazdoor Sangh

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Satyendra Singh Narwaria

Reviewed By

Satyendra Singh Narwaria

Updated By

Satyendra Singh Narwaria

Edited By

Satyendra Singh NarwariaLand Conflict Watch

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