Expansion Work of NH12 in West Bengal Stalled, Families Demand Better Compensation

Reported by

Mitali Biswas

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

April 30, 2017

April 30, 2017

Updated on

April 30, 2017

Location of Conflict

Aamdanga

North 24 Parganas

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

19000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

40

ha

Starting Year

2009

State

West Bengal

Sector

Infrastructure

Work to widen a section (Koltaka to Dalkhola) of National Highway 12 (erstwhile NH34) in the state has been going on since 2009, but work on a stretch of this section in Amdanga region of North 24 Parganas district is stalled because of compensation-related issues.
In 2009, the Indian government allocated INR 2,000 crore in the Central budget for this work. People have demanded better compensation for 42 hectares of land acquired for the expansion. They say they are not against the expansion work but deserve better compensation and rehabilitation package.
The people have been demanding compensation as per the Land Acquisition Act of 2013, under which they should be paid four times the value of the acquired farmland. A report says that the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) had said that compensation is being given according to a specific package as per the National Highways Act, 1956, under which the affected community would not be eligible for other ancillary benefits, such as employment.
According to The Committee on Protection of Rights of the Victims of National Road Expansion, about 19,000 families have been affected in this area, which includes some shop owners and footpath dwellers. People have protested several times in front of the offices of the local authorities demanding better compensation.
Arbitration proceedings for enhanced compensation took place between the affected families and NHAI, whereby in 2017, the District Magistrate (as the arbitrator) awarded enhanced compensation to the petitioners and extended the benefit of higher compensation under the LARR, 2013 to them.
In October 2019, Gurugram-based KCC Buildcon Private Limited was hired to manage the project. In August 2020, the NHAI gave the Public Works Department a month's deadline to complete the land acquisition.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand for rehabilitation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

2000

Type of investment:

Investment Made

Year of Estimation

2009

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

National Highways Act, 1956
Section 3D [The amount of compensation is determined under this section when land is acquired for a national highway]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 105 [This section provides for acquisition taking place under certain Central acts to be exempt from the process under the Act, provided that compensation is provided in accordance with the First Schedule, rehabilitation is carried out as per the Second Schedule and infrastructure amenities are provided as per the Third Schedule]; The Fourth Schedule [This schedule exempts the National Highways Act, 1956, from the application of the Act]
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways' comprehensive guidelines on land acquisition under the National Highways Act, 1956 dated December 28, 2017
These guidelines lay down the manner in which compensation is to be paid when land is acquired under the National Highways Act, 1956, and clarifies that only the First, Second and Third Schedule of the 2013 Act are relevant in determining the compensation payable.
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Development of a network or collective

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Refusal of compensation

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Public Works Department, National Highways Authority of India

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

The Committee on Protection of Rights of the Victims of National Road Expansion

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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