Eviction drive by GMC impacts several illegitimate street vendors in Guwahati

Reported by

Emilo Yanthan

Legal Data by

Anmol Gupta, Mukta Joshi

Edited by

Radhika Chatterjee

Updated by

Published on

August 22, 2022

August 22, 2022

Updated on

August 22, 2022

Location of Conflict

Guwahati

Kamrup

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2022

State

Assam

Sector

Land Use

On June 1, 2022, the Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) began an eviction drive to remove street vendors in various areas of Guwahati, despite strong opposition from traders. This eviction drive was carried out without consulting the town vending committee that had been set up in 2015 for managing street vending in Guwahati. The GMC also disregarded the demand of the vendor’s association for notifying the locations that have already been identified as designated vending zones prior to the eviction. Guwahati has about 20,000 street vendors, out of which 8,500 are registered as street vendors. GMC evicted street vendors in the vicinity of Bhangagarh, Ulubari (BK Kakoty Road), Kalapahar (Colony Bazar) and Lachit Nagar.

GMC's statement as reported by the Times of India noted, "The eviction drives are conducted in the interest of public service by the enforcement branch of GMC. It aimed mainly at clearing traffic congestion created by the street vendors. The enforcement wing of GMC plans to intensify its eviction drives in upcoming days."

Ramoni Deka, President of The Street Vendor Association of Assam, stated that the Street Vendors' Association of Assam strongly opposed the eviction, claiming that the Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood & Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014 gives street vendors the legal right to operate. According to a report by The Sentinel, the GMC had also announced through loudspeakers that a fine of Rs. 5,000 fine each would be levied, along with a sentence of three months in prison if vendors continue to operate their street shops.

Ramoni Deka further mentioned that they insisted on the urgent termination of the eviction drive as well as the provision of identity cards and licences to the vendors. He also stated that the association requested the establishment of 50 vending locations in Guwahati so that the vendors could be relocated. Another demand of the Association was that Rs 10,000 loans should be made available to street vendors through Prime Minister's Svanidhi Yojana scheme.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to stop eviction, provide license and identity cards to street vendors, establish 50 vending locations in Guwahati and provide Rs 10000 loans to street vendors through the Prime Minister's Svanidhi Yojana scheme

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014
Section 3 [Survey to be carried out by Town Vending committee of all existing street vendors at least once every 5 years. The vendors shall not be evicted until the survey is complete and certificate of vending is issued to all vendors] Section 18 [Municipal corporation may declare a zone as a no-vending zone and relocate street vendors in such area. Municipal corporation may evict any vendor whose certificate is cancelled or is vending without a certificate.] Section 18 (3) [No eviction to be carried out without 30 days of notice.]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-consultation with stakeholders

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

No

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Blockades

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Guwahati Municipal Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

The Street Vendor Association of Assam

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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