Eviction carried out at Jhalupara in Meghalaya; several houses and shops pulled down

Reported by

Emilo Yanthan

Legal Data by

Anmol Gupta, Mukta Joshi

Edited by

Radhika Chatterjee

Updated by

Published on

August 22, 2022

August 22, 2022

Updated on

August 22, 2022

Location of Conflict

Shillong

Jhalupara

East Khasi Hills

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Land Use

Eviction of People

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

30

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2022

State

Meghalaya

Sector

Land Use

On July 18, 2022, the Shillong Cantonment Board carried out an eviction drive in the Cantonment area in Jhalupara. Around 30 houses and 10 shops were destroyed by the authorities who considered them to be illegitimate structures, in the presence of magistrates and police forces. It is reported that the eviction drive was conducted as a campaign against drugs.
The affected families mentioned that the area has been their home for years and that the action of the officials has made them lose their earning and homes. They also stated that they were not given any prior notice before the eviction. The residents of the area who had built their houses and shops at Kat Godown Mawbah showed strict resistance and opposition against the eviction. A resident stated “We understand that the land might belong to the government or the land might be in dispute but on humanitarian grounds, the board should have given us time to shift all of our belonging.” Another resident claimed that the authorities forcefully took their stuffs outside and tore down their houses and shops.
The affected people mentioned that the eviction drive is an abuse of their human rights. However other inhabitants of Jhalupara and Mawbah were happy about the eviction as they felt several offenders involved in drugs and alcohol were living in that location. 

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for additional time by evictees to shift their belongings

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Cantonments Act, 2006
Section 3 [Central Government to notify places as cantonments], Section 10 [Every cantonment to have a Cantonment Board. The Board is deemed to be a municipality] Section 247 [Provision penalizing erection or re-erection of a building which fails to satisfy criteria under the Act, including those which have not obtained sanction from the Board], Section 248 [The Board may direct demolition of a building which satisfies criteria set out in Section 247. The Board is required to provide notice to the owner/ occupier of the land prior to demolition. The Board is also required to pay the owner compensation for any loss incurred due to demolition]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

No

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Violation of fundamental rights

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Media-based activism/alternative media

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Administration Officials of Shillong, Shillong Police, Shillong Cantonment Board

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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