Farmers Demand Compensation for Diesel Locomotive Factory in Bihar, Accuse Officers of Bribery

Reported by

Alok

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

December 23, 2016

December 23, 2016

Updated on

December 23, 2016

Location of Conflict

Marhaura

Saran

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Railways

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

550

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

92

ha

Starting Year

2008

State

Bihar

Sector

Infrastructure

The Marhaura Diesel Locomotive project in Saran district was announced in 20062007 and notified as a special railway project on February 19, 2008. In 2015, the railway minister awarded the contract for setting up the project to General Electric (GE), a USbased multinational transport giant. The project has been touted as one of the biggest FDI investments in the railways sector. The government has already acquired 226.9 acres of land for the factory. However, the payment of due compensation to those who have renounced their land has been marked by controversy.
The land losers have been alleging inadequate payment of compensation for their land. A 2012 media report noted how railway officers demanded bribes in the form of 'commissions' to facilitate payments. The issue of nonpayment continued to persist over the years. On December 4, 2016, around 280 farmers stalled the construction work. They demanded immediate payment of four times the compensation announced by the government. They also accused the employees of the zonal offices of harassing farmers and demanding bribes to prepare the necessary documents. Subdivisional Officer Sanjay Kumar Rai, Block Development Officer Veer Bahadur Pathak and other officials held talks with the farmers, which according to the report, proved futile. In 2017, when the future of the factory seemed precarious, farmers who had given up their land stated that if the railway minister ordered the closure of the factory then they would carry out protests from their local panchayats, all the way to the capital, New Delhi. However, the factory did not shut down. According to a report in 2020, the first locomotive from the factory came out in February 2019 and since then there has been regular production of 1,000highhorsepower diesel locomotives.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for promised compensation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

2052

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Railways (Amendment) Act, 2008
Section 20A [Acquisition of land for a special railway project by Union government]; Section 20F [Determination of compensation amount by the competent authority]; Section 20F(6) [If the amount of compensation is not acceptable to the parties, the matter shall be decided by an arbitrator under the Arbitration Act, 1996]
Notification No. 2015/W-2/SCR/NL/22, Land Acquisition, Ministry of Railways dated October 20, 2016
Special railway projects under the Railways Act are exempt from the application of the LARR Act, 2013
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Delay in compensation

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Financial harassment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Farmers accused employees of the zonal offices of harassing them to demand bribes to prepare the necessary documents.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Objections as part of official procedures

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Bihar government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Indian Railways

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

General Electric

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

None

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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