Hospital in Madhya Pradesh's Ujjain Attacked Over Land Ownership Dispute

Reported by

Satyendra Singh NarwariaLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

March 23, 2021

Location of Conflict

Maria Nagar



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Encroachment by Non-Right Holders (Other than Caste-Based)



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Madhya Pradesh


Land Use

On March 12, 2018, Gagan Singh, personal assistant to a local politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), led a mob of 60 men and forcefully entered the Pushpa Mission Hospital in Ujjain. They destroyed property and attacked the hospital staff, assaulting female workers. The attack was connected to a land dispute over a property adjacent to the hospital, which both the BJP leader and the Diocese of Ujjain claimed to be theirs. According to Chintamani Malviya, spokesperson and BJP MP from the state, the hospital had encroached on private property. Malviya also alleged that the petitioner (the Diocese of Ujjain) had earlier lost a case in the Madhya Pradesh High Court and lower courts, following which the land owner demolished the unauthorised construction since the Diocese failed to vacate it. He further maintained that neither the owner nor his men attacked nurses. Citing similar attacks in January 2018, the Diocese strongly condemned the incident, claiming it to be a systematic plan to create disturbance and violence. According to the hospital staff, the police and officials failed to respond to their pleas for help. Bishop Vadakkel told the media that "even staff nurses who approached the women's police station to lodge a complaint were turned away". In March 2018, Father Anthony from the Diocese filed an FIR against both the parties. The same year, a counter petition (MP No. 4607/2018) was filed in the High Court by Neelam Singh, daughter of Gagan Singh, against the Diocese. In January 2019, the High Court issued an order in favour of the Diocese. The court emphasised the duty of the state to prevent dispossession of land without following the due process of law. However, the case for land ownership is still pending in the civil court.

Region Classification


Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):


Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Madhya Pradesh

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Catholic Church , Bharatiya Janata Party

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
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