Hospital in Madhya Pradesh's Ujjain Attacked Over Land Ownership Dispute

Reported by

Satyendra Singh NarwariaLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

March 23, 2021

Location of Conflict

Maria Nagar


Reason or Cause of Conflict

Encroachment by Non-Right Holders (Other than Caste-Based)



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)


Starting Year



Madhya Pradesh


Land Use

On March 12, 2018, Gagan Singh, personal assistant to a local politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), led a mob of 60 men and forcefully entered the Pushpa Mission Hospital in Ujjain. They destroyed property and attacked the hospital staff, assaulting female workers. The attack was connected to a land dispute over a property adjacent to the hospital, which both the BJP leader and the Diocese of Ujjain claimed to be theirs. According to Chintamani Malviya, spokesperson and BJP MP from the state, the hospital had encroached on private property. Malviya also alleged that the petitioner (the Diocese of Ujjain) had earlier lost a case in the Madhya Pradesh High Court and lower courts, following which the land owner demolished the unauthorised construction since the Diocese failed to vacate it. He further maintained that neither the owner nor his men attacked nurses. Citing similar attacks in January 2018, the Diocese strongly condemned the incident, claiming it to be a systematic plan to create disturbance and violence. According to the hospital staff, the police and officials failed to respond to their pleas for help. Bishop Vadakkel told the media that "even staff nurses who approached the women's police station to lodge a complaint were turned away". In March 2018, Father Anthony from the Diocese filed an FIR against both the parties. The same year, a counter petition (MP No. 4607/2018) was filed in the High Court by Neelam Singh, daughter of Gagan Singh, against the Diocese. In January 2019, the High Court issued an order in favour of the Diocese. The court emphasised the duty of the state to prevent dispossession of land without following the due process of law. However, the case for land ownership is still pending in the civil court.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Madhya Pradesh

Case Number

Miscellaneous Petition No. 4607 of 2018

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Physical attack, Threats/intimidation

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

A mob of 60 men forcefully entered the Pushpa Mission Hospital in Ujjain. They destroyed the property and attacked the hospital staff.

Date of Violation

March 12, 2018

Location of Violation

Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Madhya Pradesh

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Catholic Church , Bharatiya Janata Party

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Satyendra Singh Narwaria

Reviewed By

Satyendra Singh Narwaria

Updated By

Satyendra Singh Narwaria

Edited By

Satyendra Singh NarwariaLand Conflict Watch

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