Bodos in Assam Oppose Patanjali's Yoga Institute in Bodoland Territorial Region

Reported by

Abdul Kalam AzadLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

March 31, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Pharmaceutical Industry



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






Rowmari, a village located 170 kilometres from Guwahati, is in the heart of a controversy following an allotment of some 485 hectares of land to Patanjali Ayurved Limited, managed by Baba Ramdev. The village is located in Chirang district of the Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR), which is home to plain tribes, mainly the Bodos. The Bodoland Territorial Council, which administers the BTR, allotted the land for setting up a yogpith (yoga institute). BTR falls under the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, which governs the administration of tribal areas in four Northeastern states, including Assam. Violence, based on identity, ethnicity, language, religion and land has kept the region on the boil for the past few decades. The BTC as well as Patanjali claim that the proposed yogpith will help generate jobs for the local people and will also explore the possibilities of promoting animal husbandry and medicinal plants in the state. Civil society organisations and residents have been opposing the project since it was announced in 2015. They allege that this is a clear case of illegal land grab in a Sixth Schedule area, where nontribals from outside the region have no right to purchase land. A number of local organisations All Bodo Students' Union, All BTC Minority Students' Union, Krishak Mukti Sangram Samiti and United Liberation Front of Assam (I) have opposed the land allotment. The All Adivasi Students' Association of Assam has threatened that until displaced Adivasis are rehabilitated, such land transfers would not be allowed. Meanwhile, the BTC has given a bizarre logic for the land allotment. It says that the land is being allotted to Patanjali so that the same would not be encroached by illegal immigrants, according to news reports. Prodom Bodo of the All Bodo Students' Union issued a press statement saying that the allotted area includes land legally owned by the Bodos, Rajbongshis and some Muslims. In addition, some governmentowned plots have been handed over. But no compensation has been paid to the land owners yet. In fact, many owners do not know that their land has been handed over, says Prodom. Despite the opposition, the project was given the green signal. A study submitted in 2019 claimed that the land has been developed into a large complex, with a school and a dairy farm.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Reform Laws, Constitutional Law

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

The Muslim residents of disputed are being labeled as illegal immigrant.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches, Public campaign

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Bodoland Territorial Council

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Patanjali Ayurved Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

United Liberation Front of Assam (I), All Bodo Students' Union, All BTC Minority Students' Union, Krishak Mukti Sangram Samiti, All Adivasi Students' Association of Assam

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
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Documented By

Abdul Kalam Azad

Reviewed By

Abdul Kalam Azad

Updated By

Abdul Kalam Azad

Edited By

Abdul Kalam AzadLand Conflict Watch

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