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As Ayodhya gets 'darshan-ready', residents question unfair demolition, inadequate compensation

Reported by

Sukriti Vats

Legal Review by

Anmol Gupta

Edited by

Anupa Sagar Kujur

Updated by

Published on

January 15, 2024

January 16, 2024

Edited on

January 15, 2024

State

Uttar Pradesh

Sector

Infrastructure

People Affected by Conflict

40000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

486

ha

Starting Year

2020

Location of Conflict

Ayodhya

Ayodhya

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

Land Conflict Summary

Soon after the Supreme Court settled the decades-old Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi dispute by handing the land to a trust to build a temple in 2019, a new set of conflicts arose as Ayodhya began a mega renovation project for the massive inauguration of the 'mandir'.

After the foundation stone for the Ram Temple was laid on 5 August 2020, PM Modi unveiled plans for the construction of an international 'Sri Ram' airport, a modern railway station, a two-km long elevated road leading to the temple complex and the development of the entire 84-mile perimeter area around the city as a religious destination.

About 1,200 acres of land were identified in and around Ayodhya for residential, commercial, and retail development. In June 2021, the first attempt at demolitions for the widening of roads was opposed by the [shopkeepers/traders at the Hanuman Garhi](https://www.newsclick.in/UP-Elections-Proposed-Beautification of Ayodhya%2C Small Traders Find No Place) road. They accused the district administration of shying away from rolling out a clear-cut policy of either compensation or allotment of areas for new shops for those who will be displaced.

In another region, the project to install Lord Ram’s statue in Manja Barhata village of the district was stalled as farmers challenged the acquisition of their land in the court.

By April 2021, the Ayodhya Development Authority (ADA) received around 1,084 objections to the Ayodhya Mahayojana 2031 (Ayodhya Master Plan 2031). The maximum number of objections (250) were related to the Ayodhya airport project as locals had purchased land near the airport site long back and some of them had also constructed their homes in the area.

Shopkeepers and traders situated around the temple complex were still up in arms against the administration. Still, the Ayodhya district administration started demolishing shops on 4 December 2022 at Naya Ghat for the 13-km long Ram Path stretch widening project.

Around 450 shops and 30 temples were demolished by the end of 2022. There were allegations that the administration had backtracked on their promise of giving shops/traders time till 15 December 2022 to demolish their establishments on their own. It was further claimed that instead of restricting the road widening up to 20 meters as promised, they went beyond it. They also protested against the low compensation paid to them.

By 2023, it was reported that around 4,000 homes and shops were demolished to remake Ayodhya and 40,000 people were affected. Most of them complained of not receiving any compensation, others claimed their compensation was severely inadequate.

Villagers in Manjha Barhata, on the other hand, [accused](https://www.newsclick.in/Not-Against-Ram-Why-Our-Land-Ayodhya-Villagers#:~:text=The villagers of Majha Barhata,compensation or social impact assessment.) the administration of forcibly acquiring their land and giving less or no compensation in return. This occurred following the Allahabad High Court's order in 2020 directing the Uttar Pradesh government to follow due procedures under the Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act of 2013.

Meanwhile, it was said that the Uttar Pradesh chief minister personally resolved complicated land acquisition issues through dialogue with landowners for the airport. However, several residents of Ayodhya questioned the price they had to pay for the remake of the city.

Fact Sheet

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand to get back acquired land

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to relocate the project

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common and Private

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Details of sources (names of accused, names and numbers of any lawyers, names of any police officers contacted)

Status of Project

Project underway despite protests

Original Project Deadline

Whether the Project has been Delayed

No

Significance of Land to Land Owners/Users

Residential area, Commercial

Whether the project was stalled due to land conflict

No

Source/Reference

Total investment involved (in Crores):

28000

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

2023

Page Number In Investment Document:

3

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Legal Data

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 4(1) [Whenever the Government seeks to acquire land for any public purpose, it shall consult the panchayat in the affected area and conduct a Social Impact Assessment] Section 5 [A public hearing shall be conducted at the affected area to ascertain the views of the affected families, which shall be recorded in the SIA Report] Section 23 [Collector to pass an award for compensation of land in accordance with certain parameters] Section 26 [Collector to determine market value of land by assessing consented amount of compensation agreed upon]
M. Siddiq v. Mahant Suresh Das (CA 10866-10867/2010, Supreme Court)
On November 9, 2019, the Supreme Court directed that the disputed land to be handed over to a trust as the title belonged to the deity, Shri Ram Virajman. The Court further directed the state to grant the relevant waqf board with an alternate site for the construction of a mosque.
Uttar Pradesh Avas Evam Vikas Parishad Adhiniyam, 1965
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-consultation with stakeholders

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Allahabad High Court

Case Number

Writ-C 2461/2020, Writ-C 1829/2023

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

In 2020, some residents of Ayodhya filed a case in the Allahabad High Court to enforce its earlier decisions in land acquisition proceedings. At an earlier occasion, the High Court had noted that the government in Ayodhya may acquire land through mutual consent as per the rate determined by a District Level Committee. If the landowners were unwilling, then the government had to follow the process laid out in the LARR 2013. This direction was reiterated by the High Court in its order on January 28, 2020. In 2023, other residents filed a case against the demolition of a part of Khajoor ki Masjid. The case was last heard on March 3, 2023. The case is slated to be heard on January 16, 2024.

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Additional Information

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Ayodhya Development Authority, UP Housing And Development Board, UPPWD and district administration

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Information on the use of criminal law

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Resources

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Images

Structures demolished for widening of roads in Ayodhya

Image Credit:  

Prabhat Kumar | Multimedia Journalist

A view of shops razed down for the redevelopment of Ayodhya

Image Credit:  

Prabhat Kumar | Multimedia Journalist

Video

India Ahead

Soon after the Supreme Court settled the decades-old Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi dispute by handing the land to a trust to build a temple in 2019, a new set of conflicts arose as Ayodhya began a mega renovation project for the massive inauguration of the 'mandir'.

After the foundation stone for the Ram Temple was laid on 5 August 2020, PM Modi unveiled plans for the construction of an international 'Sri Ram' airport, a modern railway station, a two-km long elevated road leading to the temple complex and the development of the entire 84-mile perimeter area around the city as a religious destination.

About 1,200 acres of land were identified in and around Ayodhya for residential, commercial, and retail development. In June 2021, the first attempt at demolitions for the widening of roads was opposed by the [shopkeepers/traders at the Hanuman Garhi](https://www.newsclick.in/UP-Elections-Proposed-Beautification of Ayodhya%2C Small Traders Find No Place) road. They accused the district administration of shying away from rolling out a clear-cut policy of either compensation or allotment of areas for new shops for those who will be displaced.

In another region, the project to install Lord Ram’s statue in Manja Barhata village of the district was stalled as farmers challenged the acquisition of their land in the court.

By April 2021, the Ayodhya Development Authority (ADA) received around 1,084 objections to the Ayodhya Mahayojana 2031 (Ayodhya Master Plan 2031). The maximum number of objections (250) were related to the Ayodhya airport project as locals had purchased land near the airport site long back and some of them had also constructed their homes in the area.

Shopkeepers and traders situated around the temple complex were still up in arms against the administration. Still, the Ayodhya district administration started demolishing shops on 4 December 2022 at Naya Ghat for the 13-km long Ram Path stretch widening project.

Around 450 shops and 30 temples were demolished by the end of 2022. There were allegations that the administration had backtracked on their promise of giving shops/traders time till 15 December 2022 to demolish their establishments on their own. It was further claimed that instead of restricting the road widening up to 20 meters as promised, they went beyond it. They also protested against the low compensation paid to them.

By 2023, it was reported that around 4,000 homes and shops were demolished to remake Ayodhya and 40,000 people were affected. Most of them complained of not receiving any compensation, others claimed their compensation was severely inadequate.

Villagers in Manjha Barhata, on the other hand, [accused](https://www.newsclick.in/Not-Against-Ram-Why-Our-Land-Ayodhya-Villagers#:~:text=The villagers of Majha Barhata,compensation or social impact assessment.) the administration of forcibly acquiring their land and giving less or no compensation in return. This occurred following the Allahabad High Court's order in 2020 directing the Uttar Pradesh government to follow due procedures under the Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act of 2013.

Meanwhile, it was said that the Uttar Pradesh chief minister personally resolved complicated land acquisition issues through dialogue with landowners for the airport. However, several residents of Ayodhya questioned the price they had to pay for the remake of the city.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand to get back acquired land

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to relocate the project

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common and Private

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

28000

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

2023

Page Number In Investment Document:

3

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 4(1) [Whenever the Government seeks to acquire land for any public purpose, it shall consult the panchayat in the affected area and conduct a Social Impact Assessment] Section 5 [A public hearing shall be conducted at the affected area to ascertain the views of the affected families, which shall be recorded in the SIA Report] Section 23 [Collector to pass an award for compensation of land in accordance with certain parameters] Section 26 [Collector to determine market value of land by assessing consented amount of compensation agreed upon]
M. Siddiq v. Mahant Suresh Das (CA 10866-10867/2010, Supreme Court)
On November 9, 2019, the Supreme Court directed that the disputed land to be handed over to a trust as the title belonged to the deity, Shri Ram Virajman. The Court further directed the state to grant the relevant waqf board with an alternate site for the construction of a mosque.
Uttar Pradesh Avas Evam Vikas Parishad Adhiniyam, 1965
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-consultation with stakeholders

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Allahabad High Court

Case Number

Writ-C 2461/2020, Writ-C 1829/2023

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

In 2020, some residents of Ayodhya filed a case in the Allahabad High Court to enforce its earlier decisions in land acquisition proceedings. At an earlier occasion, the High Court had noted that the government in Ayodhya may acquire land through mutual consent as per the rate determined by a District Level Committee. If the landowners were unwilling, then the government had to follow the process laid out in the LARR 2013. This direction was reiterated by the High Court in its order on January 28, 2020. In 2023, other residents filed a case against the demolition of a part of Khajoor ki Masjid. The case was last heard on March 3, 2023. The case is slated to be heard on January 16, 2024.

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Ayodhya Development Authority, UP Housing And Development Board, UPPWD and district administration

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
Structures demolished for widening of roads in Ayodhya

Structures demolished for widening of roads in Ayodhya

Image Credit:  

Prabhat Kumar | Multimedia Journalist

Structures demolished for widening of roads in Ayodhya

A view of shops razed down for the redevelopment of Ayodhya

Image Credit:  

Prabhat Kumar | Multimedia Journalist

India Ahead

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch

Other Land Conflicts in Uttar Pradesh

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