Jammu and Kashmir Government Urges Indian Army to End Occupation of Public Land

Reported by

Athar Parvaiz

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

June 21, 2017

June 21, 2017

Updated on

June 21, 2017

Location of Conflict

Batamaloo

Jammu, Kathua, Poonch, Rajouri, Ramban, Reasi, Samba, Udhampur, Anantnag, Bandipora, Baramulla, Budgam, Ganderbal, Kulgam, Kupwara, Pulwama, Shopian, Kargil, Leh

Srinagar

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Defence and Security Establishments

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

8660

ha

Starting Year

1990

State

Jammu and Kashmir

Sector

Infrastructure

The Indian Army has been reported to occupy tracts of prime land across Jammu and Kashmir since the 1990s without authorization. Prior to the abrogation of Article 370, and as per a 1971 circular, it was mandatory for the Indian Army, Border Security Force and Central Reserve Police Force, to obtain a No Objection Certificate in order to acquire land in the erstwhile state. In recent years, the state government has asked the army to vacate land in Jammu, Kargil and Anantang and a 212acre plot in Batamaloo area of Srinagar (Tattoo Ground), in the heart of the city. Many landowners who had to give up their land received low or no compensation. The State government at the Civil Military Liason Conference at 2015 urged the army to vacate the land and called upon the Divisional Commissioner of Kashmir to identify 112 acres of land, in consultation with the Army at mutually agreeable location. The government has been planning to establish a huge public recreational park called Citizen's Park in the Tattoo ground and use a portion of the land for a bus terminus. In March 2016, the Army agreed to vacate parts of occupied land in compliance with the decisions taken in the Civil Military Liaison Conference. Land occupied in Anantnag since 1990s was not to be returned to their original owners who are cultivators of walnuts, almonds and apples. With time, the process of relinquishing land appeared to have come to a halt. In 2018, the then Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti said that 53,750 acres of land were illegally occupied by the Army. As of 2020, 21,399 acres remained occupied in the Jammu and Kashmit Union Territory. In 2020, two amendments made to the J&K Development Act allowed the army to notify strategic areas for which it would no longer require an NOC.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Give up unauthorized occupation on prime tracts of land

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other, Central/State Government Policy, Land Reform Laws, Procedural Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Circular No. Rev(LB)71/13-A dated August 27, 1971
[The Circular prescribed obtaining of No Objection Certificate from the Home department for acquisition/ requisition of land in favour of Army, BSF/CRPF and similar organization.]
Jammu and Kashmir Development Act, 1970
Section 3(3) [This section provides that upon the request of an Army Officer of a certain rank, the Government can classify any area as a strategic area to be used for training and operational requirement of armed forces]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

The State Government had raised the issue of illegal land occupation by the Army at the Civil Military Liaison Conference meetings.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir , Indian Army

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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