Farmers Sell Lands Acquired for Unbuilt Knowledge Hub in Andhra Pradesh

Reported by

Furkan Khan

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 20, 2016

September 20, 2016

Updated on

September 20, 2016

Location of Conflict

Chillamaturu

Gorantla Mandal

Anantapuramu

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Landbank

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

3580

ha

Starting Year

2008

State

Andhra Pradesh

Sector

Land Use

In December 2008, the Andhra Pradesh government, through the Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC), signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Lepakshi Knowledge Hub Pvt Ltd (LKH) for establishing an Integrated Global Knowledge Hub/MultiProduct Special Economic Zone in Gorantla and Chilamattur mandals of Anantapur district. The project envisaged generation of employment for up to 1.5 lakh people. LKH and its subsidiaries were to invest INR 8,00010,000 crore for the project.
The government acquired at least 8,866 acres of land from thousands of farmers without compensating a large number of them for the same. Those who were compensated did not receive the full amount. According to reports, the Lepakshi authorities failed to set up industries but used the land to raise a loan, which was later diverted to another company, Indu Projects Ltd. Following this, the Andhra Pradesh government decided to cancel the allotment of 3,580 hectares to LKH for violating the terms of the MoU. However, the government planned to reacquire at least 4,000 acres from Lepakshi and add it to its land bank lands owned by the state which are meant to be diverted for industrial use. Even while cancelling the allotment to LKH, the state had no plans of returning the land to the farmers. Meanwhile, the farmers who were not compensated, moved court, which then ordered them to sell their land to realtors. While some farmers sold at INR 1.75 lakh per acre, those who had not received compensation sold their land at INR 6 lakh per acre. In November 2016, the All India Kisan Sabha announced that a bike rally and meeting of farmers at Bagepalli took place to oppose the government's actions. Most farmers allege that they did not even receive any meagre amount in compensation. According to the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, and subsequent Supreme Court judgments, any land that has been acquired by the government and remains unused for more than five years should be returned to the farmers. On April 10, 2020, LCW tried to get in touch with the APIIC but received no response.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised compensation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

10000

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24(2) (Lapse of proceedings for land acquisition if the possession has not been taken or compensation not paid from 5 years from date of award), Section 99 (No change of land use permitted), Section 77 (Payment of Compensation), Section 80 (Payment of Interest on Compensation), Section 101 (Return of unutilised land)
Special Economic Zones Act, 2005
Section 3 (Declaration of a region/area as a Special Economic Zone)
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Andhra Pradesh

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Boycott of official procedures/non-participation in official processes

Development of a network or collective

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Department of Industries

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC)

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Lepakshi Pvt. Ltd.

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

All India Kisan Sabha

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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