Environment Ministry Delists Surguja Thermal Plant in Chhattisgarh, Relief to Hasdeo Arand

Reported by

Riddhi PandeyLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 10, 2021

Location of Conflict

Parsa and Kete villages


This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Thermal Power Plant



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






Surguja Power Private Limited, a subsidiary of Adani Group, had proposed to construct a 600megawatt thermal power plant using the rejected coal from Parsa East and Kete Basan mining blocks in Surguja district. For this, the company applied to divert approximately 42 hectares of land within the mine lease area of the two mining blocks in Hasdeo Arand forest. In April 2013, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change issued the Terms of Reference (ToR) for the project.  Since 2013, local people and civil society outfits have opposed the diversion of the forestland. Reportedly, the plant would affect the residents of 10 villages and is estimated to produce almost 60 per cent ash as a byproduct as it would use rejected lowquality coal. This can adversely affect the people living in the vicinity, the nearby Hasdeo Bango Dam, the forests in the region and their biodiversity. The tribespeople inhabiting the two villages also fear the impact on their agricultural land, livelihood and health. They are concerned about the hindrance that the project will cause to their access to forest produce. They even claimed discrepancies in the proposal. The primary roadblock to the project emerged after the villagers and the administration questioned the sublease of the forestland. In December 2015, the district collector decided to postpone the public hearing, scheduled for December 30, and requested the state government for a No Objection Certificate (NOC) to subleasing. The deferment came after protests against the project intensified. The residents of the 10 villages submitted a petition to the collector demanding a cancellation of the public hearing. In January 2016, the Directorate of Geology and Mines issued the NOC. In March 2017, during a meeting, the Expert Appraisal Committee of the environment ministry noted that the company had not yet acquired a permit to divert 29.09 hectares of forestland under the mining lease. It also directed additions to the existing ToR, following which the company produced an Environment Impact Assessment report. Subsequently, the environment ministry stated that it would not consider an application for extension of the ToR until the company could acquire a permit for diversion. In December 2017, the company finally submitted an application for transfer of lease of the forestland. However, on April 4, 2018, the company delisted the project after it failed to obtain an extension of the ToR. There has been no new proposal yet. 

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project, Opposition against environmental degradation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

April 2018

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Environmental Laws, Other, Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of the FRA, Violation of environmental laws, Non-implementation/violation of the PESA

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Chhattisgarh State Government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Adani Group, Surguja Power Private Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Chhattisgarh Bachao Andolan, Hasdeo Arand Bachao Aandolan

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
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Documented By

Riddhi Pandey

Reviewed By

Riddhi Pandey

Updated By

Riddhi Pandey

Edited By

Riddhi PandeyLand Conflict Watch

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