Villagers in Rajkot Oppose Relocation Scheme for Maldharis, Fear Impact on Livelihood

Reported by

Aditi Patil

Published on

April 22, 2017

April 22, 2017

Updated on

April 22, 2017

Location of Conflict

Rajkot city

Baghi, Rajgadh, Amargadh-Bhichari, Padsan, and Lothda

Rajkot

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Caste-based Conflict

Relocation scheme

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

1658

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

41

ha

Starting Year

2017

State

Gujarat

Sector

Land Use

In 2016, the Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC) expeditated the process to relocate Maldharis or traditional cattle owners to the outskirts of Rajkot city from different parts inside the city limits. It also shortlisted five villages, namely Baghi, Rajgadh, AmargadhBhichari, Padsan, and Lothda. Traditionally, Maldharis are seminomadic and tend to live near grazing lands and sell the milk to earn a livelihood. However, the relocation scheme came in the pipeline many years ago owing to the increasing problems related to managing the cattle in the city. It also stems from the city administration's intention to mainstream Maldharis by giving them social security and making them a part of the streamlined milk business.   In April 2017, RMC had already received consent from approximately 1,658 Maldhari families for relocation. These families own about 20,000 cattle. Under the scheme, every cattle owner would get 25 square metres of land to construct a house and space to keep their cattle. In the first phase, 561 Maldhari families with 7,634 cattle would relocate to different parts of the five selected villages.  However, the residents of the surrounding villages are opposed to the relocation scheme fearing its impact on their settlements. Reportedly, these villages collectively already have a cattle population of about 21,000.  On April 07, 2017, over fifty farmers gathered at the Rajkot collectorate with their cattle to oppose the relocation of Maldharis in their villages. They submitted a memorandum to the District Collector stating that relocation of Maldharis would adversely affect their farming and livelihood. They fear that the cattle of Maldharis will destroy their crops and consequently, harm their livelihood. 

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other, Land Reform Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Gujarat Provincial Municipal Corporations Act, 1949
Section 63(23A): Municipality has the power to make plans for economic and social development; Section 66(6): The Municipality has discretionary power over dairies or farms that supply and distribute milk
Gujarat Land Revenue Code, 1879
Section 62 [Unoccupied land may be granted by the collector for use subject to rules and on conditions he deems fit.]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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