Tribals Protest Against the Grant of Bauxite Lease to NALCO at Koraput in Odisha

Reported by

Sandeep PattnaikLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

October 28, 2019

Location of Conflict




This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Bauxite Mining



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







On July 12, 2016, The Government of Odisha granted mining lease in the Seragarh hill of Pottangi block of Koraput district to the PSU National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO) for a period of 50 years. The bauxite reserve spread over an area of 1738 hectares would cater to the raw material need of Nalco's expansion plan of its refinery at Damanjodi in Koraput district with an investment of Rs 5,600 crore. The tribals under the banner of Seragada Parvat Surakshya Samiti, vehemently protesting against the move of the state government for granting the lease. They have expressed that as their area belongs to the 5th Schedule of the Constitution, the government must organize gram sabha for prior consultation as per the Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas Act 1996 and without gram sabha consultation, this grant of the mining lease is null and void. In their memorandum to the Governor of Odisha, they expressed their serious objection against the purposed mining as this will have an adverse impact on the environment includes erosion, the formation of sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, and contamination of soil, ground water and surface water by chemicals, and permanent degradation of the land.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Odisha

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Serubandh Parvat Surakshya Samiti

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

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