The Surat Development Plan 2035, which is being prepared by the Surat Urban Development Authority (SUDA), has seen a lot of back and forth between SUDA and the Central government. So far, there have been three protests by residents of the villages that are likely to be impacted by the Development Plan. In 2015, 104 villages of Olpad, Choryasi, Kamrej, Palsana and Mangrol tehsils were brought under the jurisdiction of SUDA. However, in 2016, 56 of these villages were removed from the draft of the Development Plan. In January 2019, the reinclusion of 22 villages each in Olpad and Kamrej tehsils and two villages in Palsana tehsil in Surat, from among the 56 villages that were removed, was mandated for the construction of the 120feet ring road project proposed by the Centre. After the reinclusion was announced, around 150 farmers from 10 of the affected villages in Olpad and Kamrej voiced their protest in Sandhiyer village. They alleged that the government went about excluding and including villages in the Development Plan without any consultation. They also claimed that the land in question is agricultural land and that there have been devastating effects in the past when the land was brought under SUDA in 1978 for developmental purpose. According to Gujarat Khedut Samaj, a farmers' body based in Ahmedabad, soil fertility and groundwater table suffered in the neighbouring areas, and animal husbandry and local livelihoods, such as dairy farming, took a hit. The villages did not see any infrastructural development and still lack basic facilities, such as drainage and continuous water and electricity supply. Despite their protests, in October 2020, the Gujarat government approved the Draft Development Plan after finalising it. The objective of the Surat Development Plan is to regulate and guide urban growth in the development authority area in a planned manner. SUDA plans to build industrial corridors and townships on the land. The total cost estimate for the entire plan until 2035 is INR 30,293 crore.
Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
High Court of Gujarat
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Surat Municipal Corporation, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Surat Urban Development Authority
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict: