Surat Farmers Claim Fertile Land Re-included in Gujarat's Development Plan Without Consent

Reported by

Aditi Patil

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

January 21, 2019

January 21, 2019

Updated on

January 21, 2019

Location of Conflict

Surat

Surat

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Township/Real Estate

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

50000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

98516

ha

Starting Year

2015

State

Gujarat

Sector

Infrastructure

The Surat Development Plan 2035, which is being prepared by the Surat Urban Development Authority (SUDA), has seen a lot of back and forth between SUDA and the Central government. So far, there have been three protests by residents of the villages that are likely to be impacted by the Development Plan. In 2015, 104 villages of Olpad, Choryasi, Kamrej, Palsana and Mangrol tehsils were brought under the jurisdiction of SUDA. However, in 2016, 56 of these villages were removed from the draft of the Development Plan. In January 2019, the reinclusion of 22 villages each in Olpad and Kamrej tehsils and two villages in Palsana tehsil in Surat, from among the 56 villages that were removed, was mandated for the construction of the 120feet ring road project proposed by the Centre. After the reinclusion was announced, around 150 farmers from 10 of the affected villages in Olpad and Kamrej voiced their protest in Sandhiyer village. They alleged that the government went about excluding and including villages in the Development Plan without any consultation. They also claimed that the land in question is agricultural land and that there have been devastating effects in the past when the land was brought under SUDA in 1978 for developmental purpose. According to Gujarat Khedut Samaj, a farmers' body based in Ahmedabad, soil fertility and groundwater table suffered in the neighbouring areas, and animal husbandry and local livelihoods, such as dairy farming, took a hit. The villages did not see any infrastructural development and still lack basic facilities, such as drainage and continuous water and electricity supply. Despite their protests, in October 2020, the Gujarat government approved the Draft Development Plan after finalising it. The objective of the Surat Development Plan is to regulate and guide urban growth in the development authority area in a planned manner. SUDA plans to build industrial corridors and townships on the land. The total cost estimate for the entire plan until 2035 is INR 30,293 crore.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

30293

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Gujarat Town Planning and Urban Development Act, 1976
Section 13: [Publication of the draft development plan and invitation of objections]; Section 66: [Town Planning Officer to forward representation regarding withdrawal of the plan to the state government]; Section 22 [Constitution of the Urban Development Authority and declaration of the urban development area]; Section 23(i) [Power of the Urban Development Authority to draw up the urban development plan]
Gujarat Special Investment Region Act, 2009
Section 3: [Power of the state government to declare an area as a special investment region]; Section 4: [The special investment region is outside the jurisdiction of local authorities, such as the panchayat]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Gujarat

Case Number

WP. 1480/2016

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Surat Municipal Corporation, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Surat Urban Development Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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