Surat Farmers Claim Fertile Land Re-included in Gujarat's Development Plan Without Consent

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

June 22, 2021

Location of Conflict



This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Township/Real Estate



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






The Surat Development Plan 2035, which is being prepared by the Surat Urban Development Authority (SUDA), has seen a lot of back and forth between SUDA and the Central government. So far, there have been three protests by residents of the villages that are likely to be impacted by the Development Plan. In 2015, 104 villages of Olpad, Choryasi, Kamrej, Palsana and Mangrol tehsils were brought under the jurisdiction of SUDA. However, in 2016, 56 of these villages were removed from the draft of the Development Plan. In January 2019, the reinclusion of 22 villages each in Olpad and Kamrej tehsils and two villages in Palsana tehsil in Surat, from among the 56 villages that were removed, was mandated for the construction of the 120feet ring road project proposed by the Centre. After the reinclusion was announced, around 150 farmers from 10 of the affected villages in Olpad and Kamrej voiced their protest in Sandhiyer village. They alleged that the government went about excluding and including villages in the Development Plan without any consultation. They also claimed that the land in question is agricultural land and that there have been devastating effects in the past when the land was brought under SUDA in 1978 for developmental purpose. According to Gujarat Khedut Samaj, a farmers' body based in Ahmedabad, soil fertility and groundwater table suffered in the neighbouring areas, and animal husbandry and local livelihoods, such as dairy farming, took a hit. The villages did not see any infrastructural development and still lack basic facilities, such as drainage and continuous water and electricity supply. Despite their protests, in October 2020, the Gujarat government approved the Draft Development Plan after finalising it. The objective of the Surat Development Plan is to regulate and guide urban growth in the development authority area in a planned manner. SUDA plans to build industrial corridors and townships on the land. The total cost estimate for the entire plan until 2035 is INR 30,293 crore.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict


Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Gujarat

Case Number

WP. 1480/2016

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest


Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Surat Municipal Corporation, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Surat Urban Development Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Aditi Patil

Reviewed By

Aditi Patil

Updated By

Aditi Patil

Edited By

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

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