Andhra Farmers Give Land for Highway Expansion After Government Pays Revised Compensation

Reported by

Rahul MagantiLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

August 23, 2021

Location of Conflict


Kankipada mandal


Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year



Andhra Pradesh



The VijayawadaMachilipatnam National Highway expansion project was proposed in 2009. The initial plan was to expand the existing road, which passes through three towns and eight villages in Vijayawada and Machilipatnam cities, to connect it to the upcoming port of Machilipatnam. The plan involved the demolition of several houses along the road, which led to protests in 2018. Hundreds of traders and building owners were estimated to incur losses due to the demolition. According to them, only one notification was given to acquire land in six villages. There was also variation in the compensation amount promised. Land owners of four villages were promised less compensation than the market rate. They demanded that they should be given a suitable amount as per the LARR Act, 2013. Following the protests, a new plan was introduced, which proposed that the highway pass through agricultural land rather than settlements.
In March 2019, the families that feared demolition of their houses were relieved as they would now be compensated for the agricultural land lost. The farmers were finally paid compensation amounting to a total of INR 500 crore from the initial estimate of INR 83.01 crore. This was after the farmers protested, laying down the condition that agricultural land could be acquired only with fair compensation. The families who feared demolition are assured now that their demands have been fulfilled and their worries addressed by the government. The NH68 expansion project is nearing completion.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised, Complaint against procedural violations

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Revised Investment

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

March 2019

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Incorrect estimation of compensation, Violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest


Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

National Highways Authority of India

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Communist Party of India (Marxist)

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Rahul Maganti

Reviewed By

Rahul Maganti

Updated By

Rahul Maganti

Edited By

Rahul MagantiLand Conflict Watch

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