The VijayawadaMachilipatnam National Highway expansion project was proposed in 2009. The initial plan was to expand the existing road, which passes through three towns and eight villages in Vijayawada and Machilipatnam cities, to connect it to the upcoming port of Machilipatnam.
The plan involved the demolition of several houses along the road, which led to protests in 2018. Hundreds of traders and building owners were estimated to incur losses due to the demolition. According to them, only one notification was given to acquire land in six villages. There was also variation in the compensation amount promised. Land owners of four villages were promised less compensation than the market rate. They demanded that they should be given a suitable amount as per the LARR Act, 2013.
Following the protests, a new plan was introduced, which proposed that the highway pass through agricultural land rather than settlements.
In March 2019, the families that feared demolition of their houses were relieved as they would now be compensated for the agricultural land lost. The farmers were finally paid compensation amounting to a total of INR 500 crore from the initial estimate of INR 83.01 crore. This was after the farmers protested, laying down the condition that agricultural land could be acquired only with fair compensation. The families who feared demolition are assured now that their demands have been fulfilled and their worries addressed by the government. The NH68 expansion project is nearing completion.
Demand for more compensation than promised, Complaint against procedural violations
Urban and Rural
Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Incorrect estimation of compensation, Violation of LARR Act
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
National Highways Authority of India
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Communist Party of India (Marxist)