Supreme Court Allows Land Reclamation for Mumbai Coastal Road Project

Reported by

Elizabeth Mani

Published on

April 3, 2019

April 3, 2019

Updated on

April 3, 2019

Location of Conflict

Mumbai (Marine Lines to Kandivali)

Mumbai

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

11000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

164

ha

Starting Year

2018

State

Maharashtra

Sector

Infrastructure

On December 17, 2019, the Supreme Court directed the state government to go ahead with the land reclaimation for the Coastal Road Project proposed in Mumbai, thereby staying an earlier order by the Bombay high court. Earlier, on July 16, 2019, the high court had set aside the environmental clearance granted to the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) by the Coastal Regulatory Zone Authority and ordered a halt on the construction work. The court also ordered the BMC to obtain fresh environmental clearance.  The INR 12,000crore project, proposed in early 2012 by former Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan, involves the creation of a 35.6kilometre freeway connecting Marine Lines in south Mumbai to Kandivali in the north. The project has been in the eye of the storm since. Environmental activists and residents believe the project not only exploits the region's marine biodiversity but also puts at risk the livelihoods and homes of the fisherfolk in the area. A petition was filed by the Worli Koliwada Nakhwa and Worli Machimmar Sarvodaya in early February 2019 highlighting issues such as the lack of access to the sea due to reclamation and the loss of breeding grounds of marine animals, affecting about 11,000 people from the fishing community. The project is likely to eat into 75 hectares of open green space and up to 100 metres of the seashore. In light of this, the Bombay high court, on February 28, 2019, had directed the Commissioner of Fisheries to conduct a survey and to hear out the grievances of the fishing communities. The court ordered the BMC and the police to not obstruct any fishing activity in the area. The Bench, led by Chief Justice Naresh Patil and Justice N.M. Jamdar, also ordered the BMC to conduct a meeting with the Commissioner of Fisheries and to submit a report within two weeks. On April 23, 2019, the high court ordered the BMC to halt work on the project until June 3, 2019. On June 3, the BMC informed the court that it would provide compensation to the fisherfolk affected by the project, the details of which were not disclosed to the public. However, on August 28 and September 7, 2020, the BMC filed two affidavits before the Supreme Court informing that it will require additional reclamation of six hectares and 15 hectares, respectively, for the Coastal Road Project. The residents are of the view that since there has been a change in the original plan, the BMC should conduct public consultations once again.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Opposition against environmental degradation

Refusal to give up land for the project

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

12000

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Environmental Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Clause 7 [The environmental clearance process for new projects shall comprise of four stages -- Screening, Scoping, Public Consultation and Appraisal]
Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011
Regulation 4(b) [Projects listed under this Act but also covered under the EIA 2006 Notification shall only require a clearance under the EIA]
Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972
Section 39 [No person shall acquire or keep in his possession, custody or control any government property (any hunted animal or animal article) without the consent of the Chief Wild Life Warden]
Biological Diversity Act, 2002
Section 24 [The State Biodiversity Board has the power to place restrictions on any activity that violates the objectives of conservation]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Violation of free prior informed consent

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Supreme Court, High Court of Bombay

Case Number

SLP 17471/2019; WP 560/2019; PIL No. 39/2019

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Worli Koliwada Nakhwa, Worli Machimmar Sarvodaya

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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