Maharashtra Government Leases Forestland Without Consent of Community in Wadsa, Gadchiroli

Reported by

Land Conflict WatchLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

May 20, 2020

Location of Conflict

Dongargaon Gat Gram Panchayat



This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)






Conservation and Forestry

In January 2016, the Forest Development Corporation of Maharashtra (FDCM)-Brahmapuri Division started felling trees for plantation in the Wadsa range (the area between Desaiganj, Kurkheda, Armori and Vairagad), which falls under the Fifth Schedule. The forest in this range has a tree canopy density of more than 40 per cent and, hence, cannot be felled under the Forest Conservation Act, 1980. Farmers in the area had filed claims for community forest rights under the Forest Rights Act (FRA) in 2011, and some of them have also been given land titles. Under the FRA, the consent of the Village Assembly is required before diverting forestland. The Maharashtra Forest Department violated the law and leased 3,000ha of forestland to the FDCM for regeneration, which then began felling the forest trees. The affected communities passed Village Assembly resolutions opposing the transfer and also filed complaints to the district collector as well the forest department. In April 2016, a public interest litigation was filed in the Nagpur High Court. Despite a stay order by the court, the FDCM continued felling trees. The case was transferred to the National Green Tribunal-Pune bench in 2017. The matter is now sub-judice. The petition was filed by the second-in-command of the Dongargaon Gat Gram Panchayat, comprising three villages, although the felling of trees will affect 18 villages. The tribals and other forest dwellers are dependent on the forest resources for their food and livelihood as well as for medicines and materials to build their houses. Environmental lawyer Ritwick Dutta is representing the case in the Supreme Court.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Development Corporation of Maharashtra, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF), Maharashtra Forest Department

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Contribute Now