IOCL's Pipeline Project Displaces Thousands in Odisha, Affected Families Demand Compensation, Rehabilitation

Reported by

Shazia Nigar

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

November 5, 2020

November 5, 2020

Updated on

November 5, 2020

Location of Conflict

Dhinkia

Balitutha

Jagatsinghpur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Petroleum and Gas

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

8410

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1354

ha

Starting Year

1998

State

Odisha

Sector

Industry

The ParadipHyderabad Product Pipeline (PHPL), an initiative of Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), will bypass Dhinkia and Balitutha villages in Jagatsinghpur district. The 1,212kilometre pipeline will be spread across Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, of which approximately 330 kilometres will be laid in Odisha. At the inception of the project in 1998, at least 143 families were displaced from Dhinkia. By 2018, about 1,752 families were displaced from the village as the project expanded. The 143 families have alleged that IOCL has violated the Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy, 2006, of the Odisha government as the promises of rehabilitation and compensation to the displaced were not kept. They have demanded that at least one member from each of the displaced families should be provided with employment and remuneration for skill development. Additionally, they have reiterated that those who are yet to receive rehabilitation should be attended to immediately and that the rehabilitation facilities should be further developed. According to a news report, a clarification by IOCL in May 2018 says that of the 143 families, 45 families had benefited from employment opportunities and 95 families had received INR 1.18 crore. Authorities have been unable to contact the remaining three families. Meanwhile, the 1,752 families that were displaced later have alleged increased air and water pollution from the pipeline project. Dhinkia panchayat and neighbouring villages have also been facing acute water crisis which, according to a news report, IOCL tried to abate by providing water tankers. But the local residents say the tankers are inadequate. These families too have demanded employment and opportunities for skill development. According to the same news report, IOCL claims to have provided jobs to 700 of the 1,752 displaced families and skill development trainings to 120 youths. Sarpanch of Dhinkia panchyat Salila Nayak was quoted in a news report as saying: "The villagers are agitated over the high handedness of IOCL authorities and lack of job opportunities; due to pollution, trees and betel vines are adversely affected. She added that the panchayat had adopted a resolution to not allow PHPL to lay its pipeline in the village. In neighbouring Balitutha village, IOCL has acquired approximately 50 acres of farmland. The farmers in the village allege that the land was forcibly acquired and that the compensation offered was inadequate. Bichitra Sena, a lawyer from Jagatsinghpur representing the displaced families, told LCW: Local farmers from Balitutha** have alleged that IOCL, with the support of the police, forcibly acquired their land in 2018 and provided inadequate compensation. They had demanded INR 30,000 per decimal of land. After negotiations between the Jagatsinghpur district administration and IOCL, the rate of compensation was settled at INR 19,100 per decimal. But defying the agreement, IOCL later attempted to pay only INR 7,600 to the farmers, which they refused. The oil corporation then agreed to pay the originally decided amount of INR 19,100 per decimal. The residents of both Dhinkia and Balitutha **have, however, insisted that they will only accept INR 30,000 per decimal of land as compensation. In June 2020, police arrested 22 farmers who were protesting in Balitutha against forcible land acquisition and inadequate compensation.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for rehabilitation

Demand for more compensation than promised

Opposition against environmental degradation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

890

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 31, Section 77
Odisha Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy, 2006
Sections 4, 6 and 7
Orissa Grama Panchayat Act, 1964
Section 5
Petroleum and Minerals Pipelines (Acquisition of Right of User in Land) Act, 1962
Section 6(1) and (2)
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Displacement

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

At least 22 farmers were arrested by Kujang police when they were protesting against forcible acquisition of land and demanding adequate compensation.

Date of Violation

June 11, 2020

Location of Violation

Balitutha village, Jagatsinghpur

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Office of the Revenue Divisional Commissioner (RDC), Central Range, Cuttack

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Indian Oil Corporation Limited

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas did not respond to LCW's phone calls despite repeated attempts. The personal secretary to the minister requested that all queries be directed via email, to which also there was no response.

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

The office of Ajit Kumar, head of IOCL's Corporate Office, New Delhi, forwarded LCW's call to the reception, but no one answered despite several tries. There was no response on the toll free number either.

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

The office of Ajit Kumar, head of IOCL's Corporate Office, New Delhi, forwarded LCW's call to the reception, but no one answered despite several tries. There was no response on the toll free number either.

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
X

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Join Now