Legal Data by
September 20, 2018
September 20, 2018
September 20, 2018
Farmers in Cortali village in Sanguem tehsil and Nagvem village in Quepem tehsil in South Goa had opposed the setting up of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) campus as it was proposed to be built on farmlands and hill slopes falling within the periphery of both the villages. The site was finalised by a panel constituted by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development after the Goa government failed to procure land at the earlier proposed site in South Goa's Loliem village due to public opposition. Giving in to public demand, then Chief Minister (now deceased) Manohar Parrikar announced in June 2017 that the campus would be shifted from Loliem to Sanguem. About 250 acres of land at the new site was already owned by the state government and the remaining 70 acres were yet to be acquired. The South Goa District Administration began preparing for the land acquisition process in October 2017. One tenant, at the time, threatened to commit suicide if his land was acquired. A public meeting was organised in Sanguem in February 2018 which saw nearly 400 people raise their voice against the proposed campus. They claimed that they were not consulted** **before the site was finalised. They also said that the project site comprised forest areas with dense tree cover, including cashew plantations. While government officials said that the land was fallow and uncultivated, several farmers contested the claim, highlighting that they cultivated two crops per year on the land and that the site fell under the command area of the Selaulim irrigation project. They said they were not against the project but the location chosen for the project and had suggested alternate sites in Sanguem. The South Goa district administration had assured the farmers of a compensation of INR 450 per square metre. In June 2018, the district administration issued notices to the farmers to seek their consent for the project. The farmers threatened to agitate before the district headquarters if the process for setting up the IIT was not stopped. Prasad Gaonkar, an independent MLA from Sanguem, appealed to the people to support the project and was quoted in a news report as saying, "I will see that the farmers losing land due to the project are given maximum compensation, including jobs." Later, yielding to mounting pressure from the farmers, the Goa government, in August 2019, decided to shift the IIT campus to another alternative site. The move came after the Union government had asked the state to finalise land for the new IIT by August 31 on an ultimatum that if the site was not finalised by the given date, the IIT would be moved out of the state. On August 30, the state government approved the allotment of government land in Guleli village in North Goa's Sattari district, where a permanent IIT campus was proposed to be built. The protesting farmers held a prayer service at the Holy Cross Church to celebrate their victory and also put up banners in the area congratulating Chief Minister Pramod Sawant for his "wise thinking" to shift the project out of Sanguem.
Opposition against environmental degradation
Refusal to give up land for the project
Forest and Non-Forest
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Page Number In Investment Document:
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Environmental Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?
What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Violation of free prior informed consent
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Main Reasoning/Decision of court
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Objections as part of official procedures
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
South Goa district administration, Ministry of Human Resource Development
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict: