Gujjar Families Evicted by J&K Govt for AIIMS in Samba

Reported by

Mir FarhatLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 14, 2021

Location of Conflict

Vijaypur, Jammu


Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year



Jammu and Kashmir



The Bharatiya Janata PartyPeoples Democratic Party coalition government announced the construction of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) at Vijaypur in Samba district in 2015. Jammu district administration allotted 258 acres of land for the building which was used by around 200 families belonging to the nomadic Gujjar community, a Scheduled Tribe. The Gujjars periodically settle on community land now owned by the state. The Gujjar settlement in Vijaypur consists of families who sell milk and herd buffaloes, sheep and horses. In 2017, the Gujjars who were to be displaced said the compensation offered was inadequate as land being offered as compensation was insufficient to rear their cattle. Zafar Ali, the then ViceChairman of the State Advisory Board for the Development of Gujjars and Bakerwals, entered into talks and negotiations with the community. The community remained skeptical of the proposed rehabilitation plans. In February 2018, a report published by _The Tribune _noted how despite the state government claiming to have relocated all the project affected families to a new location at Tarapur village, in reality, a substantial number of family were still present, refusing to move out. According to the community members, although 280 families were eligible for rehabilitation and relocation, only 204 families had been marked as project affected. They demanded that the remaining families be added to the list. By June 2018, the process of relocation continued after the imposition of Governor's rule in the state. According to the report, after three years of negotiation, 204 families were in the process of being relocated to Rakh Barnoti area. At the time of the report, 37 families had already been compensated with each family being given Rs50,000 along with being compensated for their mud and cemented houses. In April 2019, it was reported that all Gujjar familiesreported figure being 280 had been rehabilitated the previous year, by September 2018. The construction work for the Institute however continued to be delayed. On June 2, 2021, Dr. Javaid Rahi, noted Gujjar scholar, activist and General Secretary of the NGO, Tribal Research and Cultural Foundation based out of Jammu, confirmed that the Gujjar families had indeed been relocated, close to the site of the future Institute, with each family being given approximately 1015 kanals of land( 1.51.8 acres). However, the site lacked infrastructural facilities like regular electricity and water for their cattle and herds. Rahi said the community could be displaced again as the construction of the Institute may require more land.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation, Complaint against procedural violations, Demand for more compensation than promised, Demand for compensation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land, Delay in allotment and possession of land/property

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:


Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Jammu Development Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Bharatiya Janata Party-People's Democratic Party

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Mir Farhat

Reviewed By

Mir Farhat

Updated By

Mir Farhat

Edited By

Mir FarhatLand Conflict Watch

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