Farmers Oppose Limestone Mining on Fertile Land in Gujarat's Bhavnagar District

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

November 18, 2020

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict

Limestone Mining




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







On January 2, 2019, a protest against limestone mining by 2,000 people in Mahuva tehsil in Bhavnagar district turned violent as the dissenting residents clashed with the police and pelted stones, injuring four policemen. Many farmers were also injured as the police lobbed teargas shells to control the crowd. This is the eighth protest in the past seven months. On December 26, 2018, around 1,000 farmers in 11 villages of Talaja and Mahuva tehsils protested to force UltraTech Cement Limited to suspend its limestone mining operations in their villages. They claim that limestone mining is a threat to their agriculture and livelihood. The 11 villages comprise 70,000-80,000 people. In February 2019, residents of six villages in Bhavnagar observed a two-day shutdown to protest against limestone mining in their district. They claim that mining is causing the groundwater to turn saline, making their agricultural lands infertile. The Gujarat High Court has directed a magistrate's court in Bhavnagar to register an FIR against policemen who cracked down on peacefully protesting farmers. Ultratech received clearance for mining from the state government in January 2018, despite protests from several villagers. The company had acquired 1,714ha of land in the district between 1999 and 2001 for mining limestone and supplying it to its cement plant in Rajula tehsil in neighbouring Amreli district. Of this, around 1,640ha was private agricultural land, while the remaining was government wasteland. The company has also been trying to start mining from its 193ha Bambhor-Talli lease area in Talaja tehsil but has faced resistance from farmers here as well as they claim the land is fertile agricultural land. During the grant of clearance, the company was ordered to rehabilitate 147 families and provide a house to each family, bearing a total expenditure of Rs.12.25 crore or as per the norms of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, whichever is higher. The affected people allege that Ultratech has so far not offered any rehabilitation or compensation to them.

Region Classification


Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation, Demand for promised compensation

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat Government, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Aditya Birla Group

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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