7 Years after Land Acquisition, Karnataka Farmers Await Compensation for Hemavathy Reservoir

Reported by

Elizabeth ManiLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

October 8, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Irrigation Dam



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






Some 2,000 farmers in Kunigal and Arkere tehsils in Tumkur district in Karnataka are awaiting compensation for their land acquired for the Hemavathy Left Bank Canal under the Hemavathy reservoir project. They claim that the government had acquired their land seven years ago. The project, under construction, is being developed by Cauvery Neeravari Nigam Limited. Once completed, it will provide water for drinking and irrigation to the people in Tipturu, Turvekere, Gubbi, Chikkanayakanahalli and Kunigal tehsils in the district. The project has many phases, such as the Hemavathy Right Bank Canal, Hemavathy Left Bank Canal and Hemavathy Right Bank HighLevel Canal. Ramanna S., a farmer from Kadamathikere village, said, "We agreed to give up our land only because the project would provide us water and because we were promised compensation." In the past seven years, the farmers have protested several times against the delay in receiving compensation, with the support of Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, a farmers' body, but has not got any response from the state. Veeresh Gowda from Hemavati Mattu Yagachi Mulugade Nirashritara Sangha said more than 2,000 applications have been pending with the district administration for several years. In 2019, a committee that probed into the grant for those who lost land to the Hemavati Reservoir Project unearthed many irregularities in the process. Hundreds of applicants reportedly got land by submitting fake records; signature of the land acquisition officer was forged; and in some cases, the governments directions were ignored. Following the allegation, the district administration formed a committee to probe into the report.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised compensation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Constitutional Law

Legislations/Policies Involved

  1. Land Acquisition Act, 1894

    Sections 28(A) [Re-determination of the amount of compensation on the basis of the award of the court]; Section 6(1) [Declaration that land is required for a public purpose, declaration to be made with the signature of the secretary], Section 18(1) [If an interested person does not accept the award, they can ask the collector to refer the same to court]

  2. Constitution of India, 1950

    Articles 300A [No person to be deprived of property save by authority of law]; Article 21 [Right to life and liberty]

  3. Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013

    Section 24(2) [Where compensation has not been paid in the case an award was made five years prior to the Act, the proceedings will have lapsed]

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court


Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Karnataka

Case Number

Writ Appeal No. 6755 of 2013

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Karnataka

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
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Documented By

Elizabeth Mani

Reviewed By

Elizabeth Mani

Updated By

Elizabeth Mani

Edited By

Elizabeth ManiLand Conflict Watch

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