More than 2,500 farmers in Tiptur tehsil in Tumkur, whose land had been acquired by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) to widen NH 206 connecting Bengaluru and Honnavara in Karnataka, are yet to receive the promised compensation. Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, an organisation working for the rights of farmers in the state, alleges that compensation has been due for the last two years. R. Suratnamma, a resident of Ammana Gatta village, whose land was acquired, says, "It has been two years since the government acquired my land and I am still waiting for compensation. Our water pump was lost during the acquisition process, but the authorities have not considered that for compensation." After the NHAI sent a land acquisition notice to the farmers in 2016, special land acquisition officer Mahesh Babu announced that farmers who lose their land for highway-related work will be eligible for a compensation at four times the price fixed by the office of sub-registrars. This was met by protests by hundreds of farmers, who demanded a higher compensation. NHAI officer for Tumkur, G. Harshavardhana, said the government has set a revised price for the acquired lands. The Department of Horticulture has also set a price for coconut, areca nut, turmeric, jackfruit and other trees (that may have been lost during the land acquisition). Similarly, the Public Works Department has set a price for the damage incurred to homes and boundary gates. The NHAI started work on the highway in 2016. The project was undertaken to convert the 215-kilometre-long stretch of the highway passing through Tumkur, Gubbi-Tiptur-Arsikere, Kadur-Tarikere and Shivamogga into a four-lane highway. According to Anandravi S. from the Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, the disputed land is agricultural land and is a means of livelihood for the farmers. "The government had acquired land from farmers but did not offer any compensation. We have protested several times, but no one is bothered about our cause," he said. Kunigal Thahasildar Nagaraj, head of Kunigal tehsil in Tumkur, says, "We are trying to convince the farmers to sell their land at the market rate. But they are unwilling to sell, which is why the project is yet to take off as land acquisition is under progress." In late January 2019, on the occasion of Makar Sankranti, the farmers sat on an indefinite strike outside the office of the assistant commissioner in Triptur to demand fair compensation. They claim that the survey conducted by a private agency has discrepancies and does not maintain uniformity in the compensation rate. Yashoda, special land acquisition officer for NH-206, meanwhile says that the "rates have been fixed as per the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, by taking the average of the market price and guidance value as it was in 2016. And, if notifications have been done incorrectly, it will be rectified in the next stage. If farmers have problems regarding land valuation, they can appeal against it." The farmers claim that an independent environmental impact assessment (EIA) was not conducted and that the new alignment of the highway will run across three eco-sensitive areas. They also fear that execution of the project would increase human-animal conflict.
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
National Highways Authority of India (NHAI)
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Land Acquisition Laws
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Out of Court
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Strikes, Protests/marches
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?