Farmers Yet to Receive Compensation for Tumkur-Honnavar National Highway in Karnataka

Reported by

Elizabeth Mani

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 19, 2018

September 19, 2018

Updated on

September 19, 2018

Location of Conflict

Kibbanahalli, Tiptur, Gubbi, Ammanagatta

Shivamogga, and Kadur and Tarikere areas in Hassan district

Tumkur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

(

Eco-Sensitive Zone

)

People Affected by Conflict

2500

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

81

ha

Starting Year

2016

State

Karnataka

Sector

Infrastructure

More than 2,500 farmers in Tiptur tehsil in Tumkur, whose land had been acquired by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) to widen NH 206 connecting Bengaluru and Honnavara in Karnataka, are yet to receive the promised compensation. Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha (KRRS), an organisation working for the rights of farmers in the state, alleges that compensation has been due for the last two years. R. Suratnamma, a resident of Ammana Gatta village, whose land was acquired, says, "It has been two years since the government acquired my land and I am still waiting for compensation. Our water pump was lost during the acquisition process, but the authorities have not considered that for compensation." After the NHAI sent a land acquisition notice to the farmers in 2016, special land acquisition officer Mahesh Babu announced that farmers who lose their land for highwayrelated work will be eligible for a compensation at four times the price fixed by the office of subregistrars. This was met by protests by hundreds of farmers, who demanded a higher compensation. NHAI officer for Tumkur, G. Harshavardhana, said the government had set a revised price for the acquired lands. The Department of Horticulture had also set a price for coconut, areca nut, turmeric, jackfruit and other trees (that may have been lost during the land acquisition). Similarly, the Public Works Department had set a price for the damage incurred to homes and boundary gates. The NHAI started work on the highway in 2016. The project was undertaken to convert the 215kilometrelong stretch of the highway passing through Tumkur, GubbiTipturArsikere, KadurTarikere and Shivamogga into a fourlane highway. According to Anandravi S. from the KRRS, the disputed land is agricultural land and is a means of livelihood for the farmers. "The government had acquired land from farmers but did not offer any compensation. We have protested several times, but no one is bothered about our cause," he said. Kunigal Thahasildar Nagaraj, head of Kunigal tehsil in Tumkur, says, "We are trying to convince the farmers to sell their land at the market rate. But they are unwilling to sell, which is why the project is yet to take off as land acquisition is under progress." In late January 2019, on the occasion of Makar Sankranti, the farmers sat on an indefinite strike outside the office of the assistant commissioner in Tiptur to demand fair compensation. They claimed that the survey conducted by a private agency had discrepancies and did not maintain uniformity in the compensation rate. Yashoda, special land acquisition officer for NH206, meanwhile says that the "rates have been fixed as per the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, by taking the average of the market price and guidance value as it was in 2016. And, if notifications have been done incorrectly, it will be rectified in the next stage. If farmers have problems regarding land valuation, they can appeal against it." The farmers claim that an independent environmental impact assessment was not conducted and that the new alignment of the highway will run across three ecosensitive areas. They also fear that the execution of the project would increase humananimal conflict. In 2020, the project started and the construction work was awarded to Ashoka Buildcon Limited.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for more compensation than promised

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

1035

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Schedule I, Item 7d: [Highways greater than 30 kilometres come under Category A projects]; Section 2(ii): [Expansion of Category A projects require prior environmental clearance]
Environment Protection Rules, 1986
Section 3(3): [Union government by notification can appoint authorities to exercise powers as exercised by the Union government]
National Highways Authority of India Act, 1988
Section 3: [Power of the Authority to acquire land for the purposes of national highways]
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Strikes

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

National Highways Authority of India

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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