Farmers Yet to Receive Compensation for Tumkur-Honnavar National Highway in Karnataka

Reported by

Elizabeth ManiLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

February 8, 2021

Location of Conflict

Kibbanahalli, Tiptur, Gubbi, Ammanagatta

Shivamogga, and Kadur and Tarikere areas in Hassan district


Reason or Cause of Conflict



Eco-Sensitive Zone


People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






More than 2,500 farmers in Tiptur tehsil in Tumkur, whose land had been acquired by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) to widen NH 206 connecting Bengaluru and Honnavara in Karnataka, are yet to receive the promised compensation. Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, an organisation working for the rights of farmers in the state, alleges that compensation has been due for the last two years. R. Suratnamma, a resident of Ammana Gatta village, whose land was acquired, says, "It has been two years since the government acquired my land and I am still waiting for compensation. Our water pump was lost during the acquisition process, but the authorities have not considered that for compensation." After the NHAI sent a land acquisition notice to the farmers in 2016, special land acquisition officer Mahesh Babu announced that farmers who lose their land for highway-related work will be eligible for a compensation at four times the price fixed by the office of sub-registrars. This was met by protests by hundreds of farmers, who demanded a higher compensation. NHAI officer for Tumkur, G. Harshavardhana, said the government has set a revised price for the acquired lands. The Department of Horticulture has also set a price for coconut, areca nut, turmeric, jackfruit and other trees (that may have been lost during the land acquisition). Similarly, the Public Works Department has set a price for the damage incurred to homes and boundary gates. The NHAI started work on the highway in 2016. The project was undertaken to convert the 215-kilometre-long stretch of the highway passing through Tumkur, Gubbi-Tiptur-Arsikere, Kadur-Tarikere and Shivamogga into a four-lane highway. According to Anandravi S. from the Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, the disputed land is agricultural land and is a means of livelihood for the farmers. "The government had acquired land from farmers but did not offer any compensation. We have protested several times, but no one is bothered about our cause," he said. Kunigal Thahasildar Nagaraj, head of Kunigal tehsil in Tumkur, says, "We are trying to convince the farmers to sell their land at the market rate. But they are unwilling to sell, which is why the project is yet to take off as land acquisition is under progress." In late January 2019, on the occasion of Makar Sankranti, the farmers sat on an indefinite strike outside the office of the assistant commissioner in Triptur to demand fair compensation. They claim that the survey conducted by a private agency has discrepancies and does not maintain uniformity in the compensation rate. Yashoda, special land acquisition officer for NH-206, meanwhile says that the "rates have been fixed as per the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, by taking the average of the market price and guidance value as it was in 2016. And, if notifications have been done incorrectly, it will be rectified in the next stage. If farmers have problems regarding land valuation, they can appeal against it." The farmers claim that an independent environmental impact assessment (EIA) was not conducted and that the new alignment of the highway will run across three eco-sensitive areas. They also fear that execution of the project would increase human-animal conflict.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations, Demand for more compensation than promised, Demand for promised compensation

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Strikes, Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

National Highways Authority of India (NHAI)

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
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Documented By

Elizabeth Mani

Reviewed By

Elizabeth Mani

Updated By

Elizabeth Mani

Edited By

Elizabeth ManiLand Conflict Watch

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