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Dalits in Punjab's Sangrur Demand Lease of Shamlat Land at Reduced Rate

Reported by

Damandeep Singh

Legal Review by

Edited by

Updated by

Updated by

Gurfateh Singh Khosa

Published on

November 4, 2020

April 27, 2023

Edited on

March 31, 2023

November 4, 2020

Sector

Land Use

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Caste-based Conflict

Land auction

Starting Year

2019

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

2

ha

Households Affected by Conflict

People Affected by Conflict

State

Punjab

Sector

Land Use

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

2

ha

Starting Year

2019

Location of Conflict

Tolewal

Sangrur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Caste-based Conflict

Land auction

Land Conflict Summary

On June 8, 2019, the Tolewal Gram Sabha (village assembly) in Sangrur district passed a resolution to lease out 5.25 acres of reserved land, or shamlat land (village common land), to the Dalit community for cultivation at an annual rate of INR 500 per acre for 33 years. But the Block Development Panchayat Office (BDPO) that conducts the annual auction of shamlat lands rejected the resolution. The BDPO insisted on the auction at the usual rate of INR 20,000 per acre for one year. The price of Shamlat lands ranges from INR 15,000 to INR 20,000, depending on the location. The Dalits claimed that they cannot afford land at the government’s current rate. They also claimed that any land on which the Gram Sabha passed a resolution could not be auctioned according to the Punjab Village Common Lands (Regulation) Rules, 1964.
“The 1964 Rules do not allow shamlat land to be given on lease for more than seven years. Even that can be done only under special circumstances. How can we agree to 33-year fixed leases?” the financial commissioner and administrative secretary of the Department of Rural Development and Panchayat, Anurag Verma, asked the media.
The stalemate affected the livelihood of Dalit families in Tolewal village. They had planned to cultivate paddy on the land, but the uncertainty over the lease rate and period delayed the cultivation and the sowing season got over.
Meanwhile, the auction of the shamlat land is yet to take place. There has been strong opposition from the Zamin Prapti Sangharsh Committee, (ZPSC) which protests every time the auction happens.
In July 2019, one such protest led to a clash in Tolewal village between the Dalits belonging to the ZPSC and another group allegedly comprising upper-caste men in which 10 persons were injured and a FIR (first information report) was issued against 15 individuals.

Fact Sheet

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand for better access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for shamlat land to be leased to Dalits for 33 years at the rate of INR 500 per acre

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

No

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

No

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Indian Penal Code, 1860

353 (Assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty), 186 (Obstructing public servant in discharge of public functions), 323 (Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt), 506 (Punishment for criminal intimidation), 148 (Rioting, armed with deadly weapon), 149 (Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of offence committed in prosecution of common object), 332 (Voluntarily causing hurt to deter public servant from his duty)

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

The FIR was registered frivolously to counter the complaint filed by the protesting members of the Dalit community. The protesting members suffered physical injuries perpetrated by the upper-caste members of the village. As a result, a complaint was filed against the upper-caste perpetrators. Two individuals from the upper-caste group are currently under arrest, they have been charged under the SC/ST Act. The source from Tolewal stated that the police are aware of the frivolous FIR filed as a countermeasure by the other party, which is why none of the protesting members have been arrested/detained so far. However, it is important to note that the protesting members mentioned in the FIR attached have not been discharged either. The chargesheet has not been filed.

Details of sources (names of accused, names and numbers of any lawyers, names of any police officers contacted)

Beant Singh, Jagsir Singh, Jagtar Singh, Jagmail Singh, Harbans Singh, Kalu Singh, Ranjit Singh, Maya Singh, Kiran Kaur, Sandeep Kaur, Jeet Singh, Bhinder Kaur, Rimpi, Chaanan Singh, Jaspreet Kaur The above are the names of the accused persons in the FIR. The point of contact for the current conflict is Mr Jagtar Singh (he has stated he would like to share the details of himself and other members anonymously)

Status of Project

Original Project Deadline

Whether the Project has been Delayed

Significance of Land to Land Owners/Users

Agricultural land

Whether the project was stalled due to land conflict

Source/Reference

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

As a matter of policy, the community's demand could not have been met. The community had demanded that the land be leased for a period of 33 years at a minimal rate, which is not permissible as the cap is understood to be for 3 years each. The current status is that the same plots of land are being renewed in the name of the protesting community every 3 years. So while the initial demand has not been met, there is an understanding that the plots be given to the Dalit community members every 3 years. The current lease period ends in 2025, the plots shall be leased in the community's name once again after 2025.

Legal Data

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Reform Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Punjab Village Common Lands (Regulation) Rules, 1964
Rule 6: [Lease of shamlat lands will be by auction]; Rule 6(2): [Shamlat land may not be leased for more than three years if it has been cultivated, and no more than seven years if it has not been cultivated]; Rule 6(2)(a): [The auction shall be subject to the approval of the panchayat samiti]; Rule 6(3): [With prior approval of the state government, land vested in a panchayat may be leased out for a period of up to 33 years for industrial, commercial, educational or other professional purposes]; Rule 8: [Shamlat land declared as pasturable by a resolution issued by the panchayat may be utilised by the residents of the village for grazing purposes]
Punjab Village Common Lands (Regulation) Act, 1961
Section 5: [Shamlat land vested in panchayat must be used or disposed of by the panchayat for the benefit of the inhabitants of the village concerned]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

The claim was regarding lease of land under the Punjab Village Common Land (Regulation) Act, 1961 which reserves 33% of village common land to the members of the Scheduled Caste of the village - handed over based on a lease that is conducted on an annual basis. The Dalit members, based on this legislation, demanded a lease of land for 33 years. It was vehemently opposed by the other members of the village stating that the land cannot be leased for a period of 33 years.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

The Government Departments were not involved, frivolous FIR was registered against protesting members. However, later a compromise was reached between the protesting members and the other residents of the village, deciding that the land be leased for 3 years and the same shall be renewed after every 3 years. Regarding the FIR, the case did not reach trial, no arrest

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Non-implementation of land reform laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Physical attack

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Yes

Reported Details of the Violation:

In July 2019, during a protest against the auction of shamlat land, a clash broke out between the Dalits belonging to the Zamin Prapti Sangharsh Committee and another group allegedly comprising upper-caste men, in which 10 persons were injured and 15 were arrested.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Tolewal village

Additional Information

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Block Developemnt Panchayat Office

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

N/A

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Zamin Prapti Sangharsh Committee

Information on the use of criminal law

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

No

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Indian Penal Code, 1860

353 (Assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty), 186 (Obstructing public servant in discharge of public functions), 323 (Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt), 506 (Punishment for criminal intimidation), 148 (Rioting, armed with deadly weapon), 149 (Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of offence committed in prosecution of common object), 332 (Voluntarily causing hurt to deter public servant from his duty)

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

The FIR was registered frivolously to counter the complaint filed by the protesting members of the Dalit community. The protesting members suffered physical injuries perpetrated by the upper-caste members of the village. As a result, a complaint was filed against the upper-caste perpetrators. Two individuals from the upper-caste group are currently under arrest, they have been charged under the SC/ST Act. The source from Tolewal stated that the police are aware of the frivolous FIR filed as a countermeasure by the other party, which is why none of the protesting members have been arrested/detained so far. However, it is important to note that the protesting members mentioned in the FIR attached have not been discharged either. The chargesheet has not been filed.

Resources

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Images

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Video

On June 8, 2019, the Tolewal Gram Sabha (village assembly) in Sangrur district passed a resolution to lease out 5.25 acres of reserved land, or shamlat land (village common land), to the Dalit community for cultivation at an annual rate of INR 500 per acre for 33 years. But the Block Development Panchayat Office (BDPO) that conducts the annual auction of shamlat lands rejected the resolution. The BDPO insisted on the auction at the usual rate of INR 20,000 per acre for one year. The price of Shamlat lands ranges from INR 15,000 to INR 20,000, depending on the location. The Dalits claimed that they cannot afford land at the government’s current rate. They also claimed that any land on which the Gram Sabha passed a resolution could not be auctioned according to the Punjab Village Common Lands (Regulation) Rules, 1964.
“The 1964 Rules do not allow shamlat land to be given on lease for more than seven years. Even that can be done only under special circumstances. How can we agree to 33-year fixed leases?” the financial commissioner and administrative secretary of the Department of Rural Development and Panchayat, Anurag Verma, asked the media.
The stalemate affected the livelihood of Dalit families in Tolewal village. They had planned to cultivate paddy on the land, but the uncertainty over the lease rate and period delayed the cultivation and the sowing season got over.
Meanwhile, the auction of the shamlat land is yet to take place. There has been strong opposition from the Zamin Prapti Sangharsh Committee, (ZPSC) which protests every time the auction happens.
In July 2019, one such protest led to a clash in Tolewal village between the Dalits belonging to the ZPSC and another group allegedly comprising upper-caste men in which 10 persons were injured and a FIR (first information report) was issued against 15 individuals.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand for better access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for shamlat land to be leased to Dalits for 33 years at the rate of INR 500 per acre

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

As a matter of policy, the community's demand could not have been met. The community had demanded that the land be leased for a period of 33 years at a minimal rate, which is not permissible as the cap is understood to be for 3 years each. The current status is that the same plots of land are being renewed in the name of the protesting community every 3 years. So while the initial demand has not been met, there is an understanding that the plots be given to the Dalit community members every 3 years. The current lease period ends in 2025, the plots shall be leased in the community's name once again after 2025.

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Reform Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Punjab Village Common Lands (Regulation) Rules, 1964
Rule 6: [Lease of shamlat lands will be by auction]; Rule 6(2): [Shamlat land may not be leased for more than three years if it has been cultivated, and no more than seven years if it has not been cultivated]; Rule 6(2)(a): [The auction shall be subject to the approval of the panchayat samiti]; Rule 6(3): [With prior approval of the state government, land vested in a panchayat may be leased out for a period of up to 33 years for industrial, commercial, educational or other professional purposes]; Rule 8: [Shamlat land declared as pasturable by a resolution issued by the panchayat may be utilised by the residents of the village for grazing purposes]
Punjab Village Common Lands (Regulation) Act, 1961
Section 5: [Shamlat land vested in panchayat must be used or disposed of by the panchayat for the benefit of the inhabitants of the village concerned]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

The claim was regarding lease of land under the Punjab Village Common Land (Regulation) Act, 1961 which reserves 33% of village common land to the members of the Scheduled Caste of the village - handed over based on a lease that is conducted on an annual basis. The Dalit members, based on this legislation, demanded a lease of land for 33 years. It was vehemently opposed by the other members of the village stating that the land cannot be leased for a period of 33 years.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

The Government Departments were not involved, frivolous FIR was registered against protesting members. However, later a compromise was reached between the protesting members and the other residents of the village, deciding that the land be leased for 3 years and the same shall be renewed after every 3 years. Regarding the FIR, the case did not reach trial, no arrest

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Non-implementation of land reform laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Physical attack

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Yes

Reported Details of the Violation:

In July 2019, during a protest against the auction of shamlat land, a clash broke out between the Dalits belonging to the Zamin Prapti Sangharsh Committee and another group allegedly comprising upper-caste men, in which 10 persons were injured and 15 were arrested.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Tolewal village

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Block Developemnt Panchayat Office

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Zamin Prapti Sangharsh Committee

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch

Other Land Conflicts in Punjab

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