Between 2008 and 2009, about 1,700 hectares in four villages of Rajgurunagar were acquired to develop a multi-product special economic zone (SEZ). The four villages are Nimgaon, Kanersar, Davdi and Kendur. The SEZ was to be developed by Khed Economic Infrastructure Pvt Ltd (KEIPL), Bharat Forge Ltd, and Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC). However, Bharat Forge Ltd, a multinational firm, did not undertake development activity after 2009. Farmers from the region started protesting in 2015 over the status of the project as the project stood abandoned. Quoting the Land Acquisition Act 2013, the farmers, led by Swabhimani Shetkari Sanghatana, demanded the land be handed back to them as it had not been used for many years. In January 2013, the Maharashtra government introduced an industrial policy which brought forth the policy of Integrated Industrial Area. This was to give an exit route to companies that were no longer interested in developing the SEZ. Yet, KEIPL transferred the land to Kalyani Developers Ltd and made the affected farmers its stakeholders. As per the land acquisition agreement, farmers of the four affected villages were promised 15 per cent of the developed land. The farmers moved to the Bombay High court to pursue their demands. In January 2018, MIDC announced that KEIPL had marked183.37 hectares of developed land for the farmers from the SEZ and it would construct roads and infrastructure on it. In May 2018, the then Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis cancelled the Khed Special Economic zone. He said that injustice was being done to them and they were being cheated. He also promised to return the land back without any hurdle and waived off land transfer fees to the farmers.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Demand for promised land, Demand for legal recognition of land rights
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC)
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Khed Economic Infrastructure Pvt Ltd, Bharat Forge Pvt Ltd, Kalyani Group Pvt Ltd
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Swabhimani Shetkari Sanghatana Lok Sabha MP Raju Shetty
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Land Acquisition Laws
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Name(s) of Court(s)
High Court of Bombay; National Green Tribunal
WP No. 37/2010; Appeal No. 24/2012
Nature of Protest
Advocacy (for inclusion in courts), Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Protests/marches
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?