300 Families in MP Displaced by Kharak Dam, Awaiting Rehabilitation Since 2011

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

November 3, 2019

Location of Conflict




This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Multipurpose Dam



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)




Madhya Pradesh



Residents of Chaukhand village in Madhya Pradesh have been opposing the construction of a dam on Kharak river passing through Barwani and Khargone districts. The state government began land acquisition for the dam in 2011 even before the project got forest clearance under the Forest Conservation Act and the environment clearance under the Environment (Protection) Act. Construction work began in early 2012 but was stalled due to protests by the residents, who demanded a comprehensive rehabilitation policy before the dam came up. In July 2012, some people from the villages of Juna Bilwa, Kaniapani and Choukhand were forced to accept a paltry compensation of Rs 40,000 per acre as opposed to the district collectors guidelines, which fixed the compensation amount at Rs 1.60 lakh for noncultivable land and Rs 3.20 lakh for irrigated land. The farmers were informed that they would be paid compensation in three instalments, and they were threatened with imprisonment until the projects completion if they protested. Meanwhile, residents of four other affected villages in Barwani districtKamat, Kaniapani, Julwania and Muvasiawere denied compensation. These villages are located in reserve forest area. While some of the tribal residents have been given land rights under the Forest Rights Act (FRA), the FRA claims of other farmers are pending. Residents of all the affected villages in both the districts have been demanding rehabilitation since 2011 under the Jagrit Adivasi Dalit Sangathan. The construction of the dam displaced more than 300 families in the two districts, with some agricultural fields submerging under the water released from the dam. In 2015, officials cracked down on their protests, resorting to brutal lathicharge of the tribals, including women and children, and arrest of 27 people (https://www.newsclick.in/fouryearstribalsmpstillawaitcompensationkharakdamconstruction). The matter was pushed to the Madhya Pradesh High Court, which ordered rehabilitation in July 2016. In January 2017, the Supreme Court also categorically ordered that the displaced people be rehabilitated under the provisions of the Madhya Pradesh Rehabilitation Policy of 2002 and the resettlement and rehabilitation policy of 2008 under the Narmada Valley Development Authority. However, no compensation has been paid yet (https://www.newsclick.in/fouryearstribalsmpstillawaitcompensationkharakdamconstruction).

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Forest, Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
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Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Madhya Pradesh Government, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Madhya Pradesh Police

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

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