Villagers Threaten Suicide to Protest Against Land Survey for Telangana's Plantation Programme

Reported by

Shivam MoghaLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

April 17, 2021

Location of Conflict

Kakunur, Mandal Jaipur


This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Conservation and Forestry

Haritha Haram is a treeplantation program initiated by the Government of Telangana in July 2015. The goal was to increase the amount of tree cover in the state and regenerate degraded forests, but ironically paved the way to fell trees to make way for the drive. The project has raised concerns and spurred opposition in various parts of the state, the most prominent two being Hyderabad and Mancheri district. An important argument against this project from the civil society and tribal rights activists is that it violates the very idea of the Forest Rights Act, 2006, because it also tends to stop local communities' access to grazing and forestlands. In June 2018, Kakunur village in Mancherial district was in the news because the local villagers climbed on to a water tank and threatened to commit suicide. This act was in response to the state police preparing grounds for the implementation of the project. The forest department put up signboards, which stated that the 1,600 acres of land where the plantation drive would be carried out belonged to the government. But according to a news report, the villagers claimed that they have been cultivating the land for a long time and, thus, the land belongs to them. They also informed that they have been fighting for regularisation of the land in their names for the last 22 years but to no avail. In June 2020, the minister for Scheduled Castes Development, Minority Welfare and Disabled Welfare formally launched the project himself in one of the villages in Jaipur Mandal, where Kakunur is located. The land survey in Kakunur was stopped, but the project has reached 90 per cent completion in Mancherial district.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Regularisation of land

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land


Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Investment Made

Year of Estimation


Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

  1. Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006

    Section 3(1)(a) [This section recognises the right of forest dwellers to hold and live on forestland under either individual or common occupation, to either live on or cultivate]; Section 3(1)(f) [This section grants to forest dwellers, rights over disputed land regardless of the nature of dispute]; Section 3(1)(i) [This section grants forest dwellers the right to protect, regenerate, conserve or manage any community forest resource which they have been traditionally protecting and conserving for sustainable use]; Section 4(1) [This section vests all forest rights in Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dweller]; Section 4(5) [Recognition of, and vesting of, forest rights in forest-dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers - no member of a forest-dwelling Scheduled Tribe or other traditional forest dweller shall be evicted or removed from forest land under his occupation till the recognition and verification procedure is complete]

  2. Indian Forest Act, 1921

    Section 8(a) [Powers of Forest Settlement officers - power to enter upon any land, and to survey, demarcate and make a map of the same]

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land, Non-implementation/violation of the FRA

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Media based activism/alternative media

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Shivam Mogha

Reviewed By

Shivam Mogha

Updated By

Shivam Mogha

Edited By

Shivam MoghaLand Conflict Watch

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