Haritha Haram is a treeplantation program initiated by the Government of Telangana in July 2015. The goal was to increase the amount of tree cover in the state and regenerate degraded forests, but ironically paved the way to fell trees to make way for the drive. The project has raised concerns and spurred opposition in various parts of the state, the most prominent two being Hyderabad and Mancheri district. An important argument against this project from the civil society and tribal rights activists is that it violates the very idea of the Forest Rights Act, 2006, because it also tends to stop local communities' access to grazing and forestlands. In June 2018, Kakunur village in Mancherial district was in the news because the local villagers climbed on to a water tank and threatened to commit suicide. This act was in response to the state police preparing grounds for the implementation of the project. The forest department put up signboards, which stated that the 1,600 acres of land where the plantation drive would be carried out belonged to the government. But according to a news report, the villagers claimed that they have been cultivating the land for a long time and, thus, the land belongs to them. They also informed that they have been fighting for regularisation of the land in their names for the last 22 years but to no avail. In June 2020, the minister for Scheduled Castes Development, Minority Welfare and Disabled Welfare formally launched the project himself in one of the villages in Jaipur Mandal, where Kakunur is located. The land survey in Kakunur was stopped, but the project has reached 90 per cent completion in Mancherial district.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land, Non-implementation/violation of the FRA
Out of Court
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Media based activism/alternative media
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?