Chandigarh Administration Demolishes 50 Illegal Buildings around Sukhna Lake, Residents Protest

Reported by

Damandeep SinghLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

September 20, 2021

Location of Conflict

Khuda Ali Sher


Reason or Cause of Conflict

Encroachment by Non-Right Holders (Other than Caste-Based)

Demolition of Illegal Structure



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Land Use

The enforcement wing of Chandigarh Administration razed 50 illegal structures in Khuda Ali Sher village in April 2018. These structures fell outside _lal dora. _ _Lal dora _refers to_ village land used for nonagricultural purpose, such as keeping livestock. The revenue department marks these areas by tying a red thread (lal dor) as its boundary. Any construction in this area is considered illegal. The demolition drive was carried out after directions from the Punjab and Haryana High Court, which had originally ordered the demolishing of the "illegal" buildings in 2003. According to reports, the buildings had been constructed on the catchment area of Sukhna Lake, which is prohibited by the law. Officials from the Estate Office demolished the buildings with excavators and bulldozers under heavy police presence. The residents staged a protest and raised slogans against the administration and the Union government. They alleged that the administration had carried out the demolition drive without serving any prior notice, giving them no time to move their household items and added that the government had not provided them with any rehabilitation. According to officials, there is no legal provision to rehabilitate 'encroachers'. Over the years, there have been reports of similar conflicts across villages in Chandigarh. In August 2016, a newspaper _reported: "According to the data of the department of rural development and panchayats, of the total area of 6,334 acres of villages under the jurisdiction of Chandigarh Administration, there is unauthorised construction beyond _lal dora _on 254 acres. In the last one year, the Estate Office has issued around 610 notices for illegal construction outside _lal dora _in different villages."

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations, Demand for rehabilitation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Environmental Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land, Violation of environmental laws, Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Punjab and Haryana at Chandigarh

Case Number

C.W.P. No. 18253 of 2009

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches, Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Chandigarh Administration

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Indian National Congress (INC) , Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP)

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Damandeep Singh

Reviewed By

Damandeep Singh

Updated By

Damandeep Singh

Edited By

Damandeep SinghLand Conflict Watch

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