NHPC Limited, formerly known as National Hydroelectric Power Corporation, is planning Bursar Hydroelectric Project, an 800 MW power project on Marusudar river the main tributary of River Chenab in Kishtwar district. Upon completion, the project will submerge seven villages, which have a population of 6,332, comprising 1,052 families. The coalition government of the Peoples Democratic Party and the Bharatiya Janata Party had earmarked Rs 211.41 crore for Resettlement and Rehabilitation of the affected people. The storage project is the first of its kind under the Indus Waters Treaty,1960. The stored water is intended to be used for additional power generation during lean flow months. The project was announced in 2016 as a national project and resistance against it started in October 2017, after the NHPC officials and the District Development Commissioner of Kishtwar visited the affected villages. In April 2018, residents of the projectaffected villages organized themselves under the banner of PakalBursar Dam Committee. Thousands marched towards Marwah raising slogans against the construction of the dam and the power project. They did not want to give up their land, on which they grow maize, rice, pulses and walnuts. A hunger strike was also held by the Marwah Bachao Tehreek. They objected to the readjustment of forest park boundaries by the Department of Forest, Environment & Ecology, J&K, in 2015 for the project. In March 2020, a hunger strike was initiated again, to mark resistance against the project. However, due to the onset of the COVID19 pandemic, the strike had to be cancelled along with all other protests. The movement, according to a video published in 2021, carries on.
Refusal to give up land for the project, Opposition against environmental degradation, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Forest and Non-Forest, Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Environmental Laws, Central/State Government Policy, Other
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Violation of LARR Act, Controversial land acquisition by the government , Not conducting the Social impact assessment properly
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Supreme Court of India
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media), Hunger strikes, Protests/marches
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Revenue Department, Government of Jammu and Kashmit, Ministry of Environment and Forests
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Pakal-Bursar Dam Committee