Villagers Oppose Construction of Bursar Dam in Jammu's Kishtwar

Reported by

Mir FarhatLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

January 25, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Hydroelectric Project


National Park


People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year



Jammu and Kashmir



National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) is planning the construction of an 800 MW power project on Marusudar river-the main tributary of the Chenab-in Kishtwar district in Jammu. Upon completion, the project will displace seven villages, which have a population of 6,332, comprising 1,052 families. The Bursar Hydroelectric Project is a storage project, wherein the stored water is intended to be used for additional power generation during lean flow months. The project was announced in August 2016. The villagers were alerted when officials and project developers started demarcating the land in 2017. In April 2018, residents of the villages that are likely to be affected held a protest for one and a half months in Kishtwar against the construction of the dam and the power project. They do not want to give up their land as they grow maize, rice, pulses and walnuts on it. Most of the protesters are farmers, labourers and students and have been protesting under the banner of the Pakal-Bursar Dam Committee, formed on April 5 this year. They claim that the dam will displace them and they will lose everything they have made out of their blood and sweat. The state government admitted in January that seven revenue villages-Yourdu, Nawapahi, Qadernath, Chinjer, Deharna, Lopara and Janakpora-will be completely submerged once work on the project starts. Prior to the dissolution of the state Assembly in November, the coalition government of the Peoples Democratic Party and the Bharatiya Janata Party had earmarked Rs 211.41 crore for Resettlement and Rehabilitation of the affected people.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project, Opposition against environmental degradation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest, Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Supreme Court of India

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Revenue Department, District Magistrate, Ministry of Environment and Forests

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC)

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Pakal-Bursar Dam Committee

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Mir Farhat

Reviewed By

Mir Farhat

Updated By

Mir Farhat

Edited By

Mir FarhatLand Conflict Watch

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