Villagers in Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve Refuse to Relocate, Seek Higher Compensation

Reported by

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

August 25, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas


Tiger Reserve


People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Conservation and Forestry

Residents of 12 villages within the periphery of the Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve are refusing to relocate from their villages unless they are given adequate compensation. The Forest Department is planning to reintroduce tigers into the Reserve, which had previously lost all its tigers. In June 2017, the villagers had requested the Government for a revised compensation package as they are unhappy with the current one which conforms to the norms laid down by the National Tiger Conservation Authority. An article dated 4 March, 2018, states that the Centre has approved 100 hectares of land near Kota to be the area to which the villagers will be rehabilitated. However, the compensation package remains unchanged and the villagers are refusing to shift out of the reserve. Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve (MHTR) is the third tiger reserve of Rajasthan after Sariska and Ranthambore. MHTR was notified as a Tiger Reserve in 2013 by the State Government. Spread over 759.99 square kilometers, comprising a core area of 417.17 square km and a buffer area of around 342.82 square km. Of the total 14 villages that come within the periphery of the MHTR, only two, Lakshmipura and Kharli Baori, have been rehabilitated. Based on the norms set by National Tiger Conservation Authority's (NTCA), the Forest Department has promised to pay Rs 10 lakh and also assured to provide compensation for land as per Government rates. The villagers, however, are unhappy with this and have been demanding a better compensation package. As per a report dated December 6, 2017, District Collector of Kota, Rohit Gupta, had said that a revised compensation package had been sent to the State Government for approval. Deputy Conservator of Forests, MHTR, SR Yadav, confirmed that the revised package had been sent to the Union Government through the State Government. He further added that "relocation of villagers was priority but it has to be voluntary". However, the compensation package remains unchanged and there are no updates on the revised package that was requested.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Environmental Laws, Central/State Government Policy, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Rajasthan High Court at Jaipur

Case Number

Civil Writ Petition No. 6827 of 2016

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:


Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Land occupation

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department, Government of Rajasthan

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Ashish Gaur

Reviewed By

Ashish Gaur

Updated By

Ashish Gaur

Edited By

Ashish GaurLand Conflict Watch

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