On January 8, 2019, the forest and environment department of Manipur issued a notification declaring a 103.10hectare area of government khasland (governmentowned fallow land where no one has property rights) in Thinungei village in Bishnupur district as Thinungei Bird Sanctuary. The proposed site comprises 13.93 hectares of swampy area, 53.80 hectares of open water area and 35.37 hectares of floating biomass. The entire area adjoins the Loktak Lake.
Since then, there have been numerous unsuccessful dialogues between the JAC and the government, which is supported by the United Committee of Thinungei (UCT), a conglomerate of 13 clubs, organisations and associations. The UCT comprises individuals who are not directly dependent on the lake for their livelihood and do not reside at the proximity of the lake.
On February 16, the JAC blocked a street along the ImphalChurachandpur section of NH150 in protest against the bird sanctuary. Several people, including women, were injured as police used tear gas shells and mock bombs on the protestors.
In its response to the RTI on February 4, the assistant conservator of forests (wildlife) in Manipur said that the area for the bird sanctuary was decided "in consultation with the Thinungei Gram Panchayat, local club and the local officials". The RTI response also noted that "Thinungei is one of the most important sites of Manipur where Migratory Water birds visit every year during winters".
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Type of Land
Type of Common Land
Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
On February 16, 2019, village residents blocked a street along the Imphal-Churachandpur section of NH-150 to protest against the proposed bird sanctuary. Several people, including women, were injured as police used tear gas shells and mock bombs on the protesters.
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Forest and environment department, Manipur
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Joint Action Committee against the Announcement of Bird Sanctuary, United Committee Thinungei
Resources Related to Conflict
News Articles Related to the Conflict:
Documents Related to the Conflict:
Links Related to the Conflict: