Khilaput, Koraput, Khaparaput and Kelchagaon
This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District
This is A Schedule Five District
Villagers displaced by the Upper Kolab Dam Project in Koraput district of Odisha are demanding better compensation and rehabilitation. The multipurpose project had displaced over 3,000 families when it was constructed four decades ago and the villagers allege they have not been provided with adequate compensation and proper rehabilitation. On February 27, 2018, a public hearing was held where activists demanded proper compensation for the displaced families. The multipurpose dam was built over the River Kolab in Koraput district of Odisha for hydroelectricity and irrigation in the year 1976. It has two main canals; the right one has a command area of 46,049 hectares of agricultural land and the left, 1,936 hectares. It has been reported that over 3,000 families from 57 villages were displaced by this project. About 52 per cent of the affected people are Paraja tribals and 17 percent are Dalits, according to a study by the South Orissa Voluntary Action (SOVA), an NGO in Koraput. Around 100 displaced families were moved to rehabilitation camps and were promised agricultural land, water channelized through the Kolab Dam and community forests. However, the land provided is 1km far from their settlement, the water canal from Kolab Dam is 2km away, in the opposite direction from the agricultural land and no community forests have been provided. After 40 years, the people displaced by the dam are fighting for their right to live with dignity. According to reports, the displaced people have made repeated demands to the President and other authorities for redressal of their grievances under the banner of Upper Kolab Bistapita Sangha (The Upper Kolab Displaced Persons Association). In May 2021, LCW contacted the Executive Engineer of the Upper Kolab Dam Project who said that a petition was sent to the office of the Executive Engineer in April, 2021. In the petition a demand for compensation was filed by the petitioner's. However, according to the Executive Engineer, the office was unable to trace the details of the petitioner's due to lack of supporting documents.
Demand for compensation, Demand for rehabilitation, Demand for more compensation than promised, Demand for better access to common land/resources, Complaint against procedural violations
Urban and Rural
Forest and Non-Forest
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Central/State Government Policy
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-rehabilitation of displaced people, Non-payment of promised compensation, Delay in compensation, Violation of LARR Act
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Advocacy (for inclusion in courts), Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media)
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
The Government of Odisha
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict: