Tribespeople Evicted from Manas National Park in Assam in Name of Encroachment

Reported by

Eleonora Fanari

Published on

May 11, 2017

May 11, 2017

Updated on

May 11, 2017

Location of Conflict

Betbari

Barpeta

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas

(

National Park

)

People Affected by Conflict

3360

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1600

ha

Starting Year

2016

State

Assam

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

Manas was declared a National Park in September 1990. In 1992, UNESCO further declared it a World Heritage Site endangered due to heavy rhino poaching. The core area of the park is not highly inhabited, with about 57 villages living in the buffer zone. It is dominated by the Bodos as the park is part of the Bodoland Territorial Region. However, there are also many Adivasis living within the park, brought from central India to Assam by the British in the preindependent period to work as labourers in tea gardens. In 2011, the park was taken off the 'List of World Heritage Sites in Danger', yet the park authorities decided to evict the families living within the park. The eviction drive started in 2016, when Bodos living in Bhuyanpara Range were evicted. The eviction displaced at least 700 families. As per notification No. FD/TP/WHS/333948 submitted to the principal chief conservator of forests and wildlife and the chief wildlife warden of Assam, an eviction drive was carried out on December 22, 2016in Betbari, Kohirabari and Dihira Panda villages, spread over an area of 16 square kilometres. According to the notification, the eviction of 550 households was successful and was carried out with the assistance of 350 police and armed personnel. The residents of the three villages have been fighting with the forest department to assert their rights over the forestland. The forest department, on the other hand, considers the people encroachers. As per the Forest Rights Act, 2006, tribespeople residing in forestland since before 2005 have rights over the land and its resources.
In a report in 2019, the families evicted from Bhuyanpara have since returned. A report of the Central government also mentioned that no rhino has been killed in Manas National Park since 2016. In 2020, however, the International Union for Conservation of Nature asked the Centre to clear "illegal encroachment" within the park and directed the state and the Bodoland Territorial Council to take prompt action.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Central/State Government Policy

Legislations/Policies Involved

Notification No. FD/TP/WHS/3339-48
Para 5: Eviction of encroachers
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3: [Right to hold land and other community rights]; Section 4: [Vesting of forest rights with forest dwellers]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department, National Tiger Conservation Authority

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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