In 2014, the Odisha government issued a Prospecting Licence (PL) to Vedanta Aluminium Limited to explore laterite mines in Danga Deula hills spread over 150 hectares of land in Koraput district. About 10 villages will be directly affected by mining on this hill. Earlier too, they were displaced due to the construction of Upper Kolab Hydro Electric Project based at Koraput. According to the residents, mining in Danga Deula will not only affect the ecology of the region but will also threaten their lives as it will erode the soil and affect agricultural activities. The hill has several perennial sources of water, which will dry up if mining takes place. Also, the hill lies a few metres from the Kolab reservoir, and any type of mining will affect its catchment areas. In 2016, Prafulla Samantra, noted Adivasi activist and president of Lok Shakti Abhiyan, was reportedly harassed and intimated by supporters of the project on his way back from a public meeting organised to mark the resistance against mining activities in Danga Deula hills. On October 18, 2017, the tribal population of the area, under the banner of Koraputia Jan Suraksha Sangh, submitted a petition to the chief minister against the government's decision to provide a PL for mining. As of 2021, the community continues to protest, and the mining is yet to take place.
Refusal to give up land for the project, Opposition against environmental degradation, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Forest and Non-Forest
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Environmental Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other
Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986
Section 5(1)(vii) [Net adverse impact caused by project to be taken into consideration prior to granting of an environmental clearance]
Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Section 7(i) [Requirement for public consultation regarding environmental impact of project]
The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
Section 7 [No industry shall be permitted to discharge any environmental pollutant in excess]
Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957
Section 4 [All mining operations to be undertaken in accordance to the terms and conditions contained in the prospecting licence granted by the state government]
Odisha Minor Mineral Concession Rules, 2016
Rule 9 [Procedure for granting prospecting licence by the state government]
The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(l) [Prior recommendation of the gram sabha mandatory for grant of concessions for exploration of minerals]
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Violation of environmental laws
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Other harassment, Threats/intimidation
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
In 2016, Prafulla Samantra, noted Adivasi activist and president of Lok Shakti Abhiyan, was reportedly harassed and intimated by supporters of the project on his way back from a public meeting.
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Protests/marches
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Government of Odisha
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Vedant Aluminium Limited (Sesa Sterlite Group)
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Lok Shakti Abhiyan