Adivasis in Odisha Unite Against Mining by Vedanta in Danga Deula Hills

Reported by

Sandeep PattnaikLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

June 2, 2021

Location of Conflict



This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Bauxite Mining

Laterite Mining



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






In 2014, the Odisha government issued a Prospecting Licence (PL) to Vedanta Aluminium Limited to explore laterite mines in Danga Deula hills spread over 150 hectares of land in Koraput district. About 10 villages will be directly affected by mining on this hill. Earlier too, they were displaced due to the construction of Upper Kolab Hydro Electric Project based at Koraput. According to the residents, mining in Danga Deula will not only affect the ecology of the region but will also threaten their lives as it will erode the soil and affect agricultural activities. The hill has several perennial sources of water, which will dry up if mining takes place. Also, the hill lies a few metres from the Kolab reservoir, and any type of mining will affect its catchment areas. In 2016, Prafulla Samantra, noted Adivasi activist and president of Lok Shakti Abhiyan, was reportedly harassed and intimated by supporters of the project on his way back from a public meeting organised to mark the resistance against mining activities in Danga Deula hills. On October 18, 2017, the tribal population of the area, under the banner of Koraputia Jan Suraksha Sangh, submitted a petition to the chief minister against the government's decision to provide a PL for mining. As of 2021, the community continues to protest, and the mining is yet to take place.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project, Opposition against environmental degradation, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Environmental Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

  1. Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986

    Section 5(1)(vii) [Net adverse impact caused by project to be taken into consideration prior to granting of an environmental clearance]

  2. Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006

    Section 7(i) [Requirement for public consultation regarding environmental impact of project]

  3. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

    Section 7 [No industry shall be permitted to discharge any environmental pollutant in excess]

  4. Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957

    Section 4 [All mining operations to be undertaken in accordance to the terms and conditions contained in the prospecting licence granted by the state government]

  5. Odisha Minor Mineral Concession Rules, 2016

    Rule 9 [Procedure for granting prospecting licence by the state government]

  6. The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996

    Section 4(l) [Prior recommendation of the gram sabha mandatory for grant of concessions for exploration of minerals]

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute


What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?


Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached


Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Other harassment, Threats/intimidation

Whether criminal law was used against protestors


Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

In 2016, Prafulla Samantra, noted Adivasi activist and president of Lok Shakti Abhiyan, was reportedly harassed and intimated by supporters of the project on his way back from a public meeting.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Vedant Aluminium Limited (Sesa Sterlite Group)

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Lok Shakti Abhiyan

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Sandeep Pattnaik

Reviewed By

Sandeep Pattnaik

Updated By

Sandeep Pattnaik

Edited By

Sandeep PattnaikLand Conflict Watch

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