Adivasis in Odisha Unite Against Mining by Vedanta in Danga Deula Hills

Reported by

Sandeep Pattnaik

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 31, 2017

October 31, 2017

Updated on

October 31, 2017

Location of Conflict

Koraput

Koraput

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Bauxite Mining

Laterite Mining

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

20000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

150

ha

Starting Year

2013

State

Odisha

Sector

Mining

In 2014, the Odisha government issued a Prospecting Licence (PL) to Vedanta Aluminium Limited to explore laterite mines in Danga Deula hills spread over 150 hectares of land in Koraput district. About 10 villages will be directly affected by mining on this hill. Earlier too, they were displaced due to the construction of Upper Kolab Hydro Electric Project based at Koraput. According to the residents, mining in Danga Deula will not only affect the ecology of the region but will also threaten their lives as it will erode the soil and affect agricultural activities. The hill has several perennial sources of water, which will dry up if mining takes place. Also, the hill lies a few metres from the Kolab reservoir, and any type of mining will affect its catchment areas. In 2016, Prafulla Samantra, noted Adivasi activist and president of Lok Shakti Abhiyan, was reportedly harassed and intimated by supporters of the project on his way back from a public meeting organised to mark the resistance against mining activities in Danga Deula hills. On October 18, 2017, the tribal population of the area, under the banner of Koraputia Jan Suraksha Sangh, submitted a petition to the chief minister against the government's decision to provide a PL for mining. As of 2021, the community continues to protest, and the mining is yet to take place.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Opposition against environmental degradation

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Environmental Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Environment Protection Rules, 1986
Section 5(1)(vii) [Net adverse impact caused by project to be taken into consideration prior to granting of an environmental clearance]
Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Section 7(i) [Requirement for public consultation regarding environmental impact of project]
Electricity Act, 2003
Section 7 [No industry shall be permitted to discharge any environmental pollutant in excess]
Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957
Section 4 [All mining operations to be undertaken in accordance to the terms and conditions contained in the prospecting licence granted by the state government]
Odisha Minor Mineral Concession Rules, 2016
Rule 9 [Procedure for granting prospecting licence by the state government]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(l) [Prior recommendation of the gram sabha mandatory for grant of concessions for exploration of minerals]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

Demand for scrapping the ecologically damaging mining project.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Other harassment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

No

Reported Details of the Violation:

In 2016, Prafulla Samantra, noted Adivasi activist and president of Lok Shakti Abhiyan, was reportedly harassed and intimated by supporters of the project on his way back from a public meeting.

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Vedant Aluminium Limited (Sesa Sterlite Group)

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Lok Shakti Abhiyan

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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