Suru Irrigation Project Threatens to Displace 4 Villages in Jharkhand

Reported by

Connor Staggs

Published on

March 12, 2019

March 12, 2019

Updated on

March 12, 2019

Location of Conflict

Chaitanpur Raziama, Redadah and Barsiadah

Seraikela Kharsawan

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Irrigation Dam

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

7000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

4000

ha

Starting Year

1982

State

Jharkhand

Sector

Infrastructure

The residents of four villages in Jharkhand's Seraikela Kharsawan district face the risk of displacement from the Suru Medium Irrigation Project. Under the project, the Department of Water Resources plans to irrigate 4,000 hectares of farmland by building a reservoir on Suru River. While this would benefit farmers throughout the reservoir's newly irrigated area, the creation of the dam is likely to inundate the neighbouring villages of Chaitanpur, Raziama, Redadah and Barsiadah. The project was conceived in 1982, but work did not begin until 2005. Moreover, the project affected families allege that the state did not secure the consent of the villagers, violating the Forest Rights Act, 2006. They led protests as the government failed to offer a resettlement and rehabilitation package at the time of land acquisition. In March 2017, Sujeeta Tudu, a community correspondent for Video Volunteers, a human rights nonprofit, documented how the project has affected her community. Protests have been held twice so far, during which at least seven persons have been subjected to tear gas. SeraikelaKharsawan Land Reform Deputy Collector Kunj Bihari Pandey told Tudu that he was not the concerned authority when the violations took place and that the villagers should submit an application to the appropriate official. The local people have submitted several Right to Information applications to the district collector to halt the construction of the dam, but they are yet to receive a satisfactory response from the government. Sunalal Munda, one of the affected farmers, said, "We have not received any other land where we can move to." Meanwhile, work on the dam continues in the absence of a clear resettlement and rehabilitation plan from the state. According to the Department of Economic Affairs, only about two per cent of the work was completed as of April 2016.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to halt construction due to threat of inundation

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

6

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Sections 3 and 4 [Requirement of consent]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Jharkhand Amendment) Act, 2017
Section 10A [Exemption of irrigation projects from consent requirements and social impact assessment]
Chota Nagpur Tenancy Act, 1908
Section 49(1) [Use of land for government purposes]
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Protests have been held twice so far, during which at least seven persons have been subjected to tear gas

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Seraikela Kharsawan

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department, Water Resources Department, Department of Revenue, Registration and Land Reforms Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Video Volunteers

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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