The residents of four villages in Jharkhand's Seraikela-Kharsawan district face the risk of displacement from the Suru Medium Irrigation Project. Under the project, the state's Department of Water Resources plans to irrigate some 4,000 hectares of farmland by building a reservoir on the Suru River. While this would benefit farmers throughout the reservoir's newly irrigated area, the creation of the dam is likely to inundate the neighbouring villages of Chaitanpur, Raziama, Redadah and Barsiadah. The project was conceived in 1982, but work did not begin until 2005. Moreover, the state did not secure the consent of the villagers (need a URL for this), violating the Forest Rights Act, 2006. It has also failed to offer them a resettlement and rehabilitation package. (Again would need the URL) In March 2017, Sujeeta Tudu, a community correspondent for Video Volunteers, a human rights non-profit, documented how the project has affected her community. Protests have been held twice so far, during which at least seven persons have been subjected to tear gas. Seraikela-Kharsawan Land Reform Deputy Collector Kunj Bihari Pandey told Tudu that he was not the concerned authority when the violations happened and that the villagers should submit an application to the appropriate official. The local people have also submitted several Right to Information applications to the district collector to halt the construction of the dam, but they are yet to receive a satisfactory response from the government. Sunalal Munda, one of the affected farmers, said, "We have not received any other land where we can move to." Meanwhile, work on the dam continues in the absence of a clear resettlement and rehabilitation plan from the state. According to the Department of Economic Affairs, only about two per cent of the work was completed as of April 2016. The project now has a revised deadline of December 31, 2019.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Demand for rehabilitation
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
State Water Resources Department; State Revenue, Registration and Land Reforms Department; State Forest Department
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Land Acquisition Laws, Forest Rights Act of 2006
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation / violation of the FRA
Out of Court
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Protests/marches
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Displacement, Lathi charge/tear gas/pellets
Reported Details of the Violation:
Destruction of property
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?