M. Chahnou, SL. Gamnon, Ng. Moulom, Lhangnom Veng, Gangte Veng, Haijang Veng, T. Yangom, New Moreh, Ward No 9, Shijang Veng, Moreh Ward No 1 and T. Tonglhang villages
On November 3, 2020, 18 families belonging to the indigenous Kuki tribe were evicted in M. Chahnou and SL. Gamnon villages on the order of the deputy commissioner of Tengnoupal district. They were reportedly evicted because the government needed the land for the construction of the Moreh Integrated Check Point (ICP). In the faceoff with residents, security forces hurled tear gas and smoke bombs to disperse the protesters. Some women resorted to seminude protests to resist force. Four police personnel and some protesters were injured, along with three women, who were also detained. The evictees alleged that the eviction was illegal and was carried out by the district administration without offering fair compensation and proper resettlement to the affected inhabitants. Onkhosei Baite, chief of T. Tonglhang village, told the media that there were lots of discrepancies in the compensation amount. "There are 26 households in T. Tonglhang village, and it is one of the largest affected villages, but the affected families here have received only INR 1 crore as compensation while the less affected villages have got more than INR 4 crore," he said. The district administration denied the claims and stated that all the eligible residents along the bypass road had been fairly compensated. The Moreh ICP is part of the SouthAsian road connectivity project**, *which is aimed at* **facilitating better trade relations among the South Asian countries bordering Manipur. The project is being funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB). A total of 95.02 acres of land is required, of which 94.84 acres are private land. Of the total project area, almost 80 per cent of the land is either forestland, plantations, agricultural land, settlement areas, water bodies or rivers, passing through M. Chahnou, SL. Gamnon, Ng. Moulom, Lhangnom Veng, Gangte Veng, Haijang Veng, T. Yangom, New Moreh, Ward No 9, Shijang Veng, Moreh Ward No 1 and T. Tonglhang villages. Based on a full census survey, the project is estimated to affect 135 households. Of these, 18 households have already been displaced, while 117 households have lost their livelihood due to the acquisition of fertile land. The exclusion and nonprovision of compensation and adequate rehabilitation to the affected villagers violate the fundamental rights, provisions of the ADBs safeguard policies of 2009 and the provisions of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, 2007. A total of 29.516 kilometres of the project road passes through the Yangoupokpi Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary, including the ecosensitive zone and the buffer zone. Two Environmental Impact Assessments in July and August 2020 identify some key risks associated with the project, including negative impacts on wildlife, soil erosion, crossborder transmission of diseases and environmental pollution.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Complaint against procedural violations, Demand for rehabilitation, Demand for promised compensation, Refusal to give up land for the project
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
International Human Rights Association
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Land Acquisition Laws, Land Reform Laws, Environmental Laws, Other
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land, Non-payment of promised compensation, Non-rehabilitation of displaced people, Controversial land acquisition by the government , Violation of standard international laws , Violation of environmental laws, Violation of LARR Act
Name(s) of Court(s)
High Court of Manipur at Imphal
W.P. (C) No. 673 of 2020
Nature of Protest
Protests/marches, Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Displacement, Arrest/detention/imprisonment, Lathi charge/tear gas/pellets
Reported Details of the Violation:
Eighteen families from the Kuki tribe were evicted. In the face-off, security forces hurled tear gas and smoke bombs to disperse the protesters. Some women resorted to semi-nude protests to resist force. Four police personnel and some protesters were injured, along with three women, who were also detained.
Date of Violation
November 3, 2020
Location of Violation
M. Chahnou and SL. Gamnon villages
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?