Residents in Jharkhand Village Demand Return of Agricultural Land Acquired by Vedanta

Reported by

Nupur Sonar

Published on

August 29, 2019

August 29, 2019

Updated on

August 29, 2019

Location of Conflict

Dimbuli

Manoharpur Block

West Singhbhum

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Steel Plant

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

2050

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

178

ha

Starting Year

2017

State

Jharkhand

Sector

Industry

In February 2017, Vedanta announced its plan to set up a onemetrictonneperannum steel plant in Manoharpur block in West Singhbhum district. According to its submission to the environment ministry, the plant requires a total of 439.09 acres of land, of which 398.08 acres is private land and the rest is government land. At a Gram Sabha meeting in October 2017, the residents of Dimbuli village raised their objections to the project on the ground that a large part of the land set to be acquired is residential and agricultural land. In April 2018, they submitted an application to the subdivisional officer, requesting for the project to be scrapped. Over the next six months, they continued to write to the administration reiterating their demands. "Mining and industries have brought no development to this area. We have seen the condition of neighbouring areas; any development project has only left the people worse off," Lal Mohan, the village head, told LCW when asked about Vedanta's promise of employment. He added that the project area includes places of worship and a burial ground and that acquiring the land would be a violation of the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act, 1908, which prohibits transfer of land to nontribals and safeguards community worship. However, in its submission to the environment ministry in June 2018, Vedanta had stated that the project area did not include any place of worship. In November 2018, a public hearing was organised for the project. Thousands of people gathered with banners opposing the land acquisition and also raised concerns about the impact of pollution that the plant would cause. RTI applications filed by the residents of Dimbuli have revealed that of the 398.08 acres of private land for the project, 110.53 acres of land was purchased by iron producer V.S Dempo in 2009, before it was bought over by Vedanta the same year. According to the terms of the agreement, the consent for using the land was valid for a period of five years. Since the plant was not set up within the stipulated time, the affected people are demanding their land to be returned.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Opposition against environmental degradation

Demand to get back acquired land

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

1800

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 2(2) [This section provides that provision related to land acquisition, consent, compensation, rehabilitation and resettlement shall also apply when government acquires land for PPP projects or for private companies for public purpose]; Section 8 [This section deals with examination of proposals for land acquisition and Social Impact Assessment report by appropriate government authority]; Chapter II [This deals with determination of social impact and public purpose]
Chota Nagpur Tenancy Act, 1908
Section 50(7) [This section states nothing herein contained shall enable the Deputy Commissioner to authorise the acquisition of any part of a holding whereon a temple, mosque or other place of worship, sacred grove, burial or burning ground exists]
Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957
Section 4A(4) [Lapse of lease due to no mining operations]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation Limited, Dimbuli Gram Sabha

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Vedanta Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Edited By

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